of July 28, 2017 No. 509
About approval of Rules of production of flights in civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan
According to the subitem 4) Item 1 of article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 15, 2010 "About use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft" PRIKAZYVAYU:
1. Approve the enclosed Rules of production of flights in civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
2. Recognize invalid some orders of the Minister of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan according to appendix to this order.
3. To provide to committee of civil aviation of the Ministry for Investments and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan:
1) state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
2) within ten calendar days from the date of state registration of this order the direction it the copy on paper and electronically in the Kazakh and Russian languages in the Republican state company on the right of economic maintaining "The republican center of legal information" for official publication and inclusion in Reference control bank of regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
3) within ten calendar days after state registration of this order the direction it the copy on official publication in periodic printed publicity materials;
4) placement of this order on Internet resource of the Ministry for Investments and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
5) within ten working days after state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan submission to Legal department of the Ministry for Investments and Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of data on execution of actions, according to subitems 1), 2), 3) and 4) this Item.
4. To impose control of execution of this order on the supervising vice-minister of investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The acting minister on investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan
It is approved
Minister of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan
September 7, 2017
_________________ S. Zhasuzakov
Approved by the Order of the acting minister on investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 28, 2017 No. 509
1. These rules of production of flights in civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan (further - Rules) are developed according to the subitem 4) of Item 1 of article 14 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 15, 2010 "About use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft" (further - the Law) taking into account aviation standards of the international organizations in the field of civil aviation.
These rules determine procedure for Production of flights in airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and also airspace of other state (open seas) if they do not contradict requirements of this state (the requirements of ICAO established for the high seas), for the purpose of implementation of the commercial air transportations, aerial works and general aviation operations which are carried out according to requirements of the International standards and the Recommended practice stated in Annexes to the Convention on international civil aviation (further - the Convention ICAO) and documents ICAO "Production of flights of air vehicles" (Doc 8168 OPS/611 (PANS-OPS), "Management on all-weather flying" (Doc 9365 AN/910).
2. The main terms and determinations used in these rules:
1) absolute altitude - distance down from mean level of the sea MSL to the level, point or the object accepted for point;
2) the absolute (relative) altitude of transition - the absolute (relative) altitude at which or below which the provision of the air vehicle in the vertical plane is given in sizes of absolute altitude;
3) the absolute altitude of decision making of DA or relative height of decision making of DH-the established absolute or relative altitude in case of three-dimensional 3D landing approach at which it is necessary to begin overshoot maneuvre in cases:
if before achievement of this height by the aircraft commander or pilot the necessary visual contact with reference points for continuation of landing approach was not come;
provision of the air vehicle in space or parameters of its movement do not provide safe landing;
4) the emergency notification - the services provided for the notification of the relevant organizations on the air vehicles needing the help of search and rescue services, and rendering necessary assistance to such organizations;
5) the emergency drive sensor (further - ELT) - the general term used concerning the equipment which transmits distinctive signals at the set frequencies and depending on application type, can work automatically as a result of blow, or be put in action manually, ELT can be one of the following types:
automatic stationary ELT(AF) - automatically the working ELT which is stationary established onboard the air vehicle;
automatic portable ELT(AP) - automatically the working ELT which not movably is fixed onboard the air vehicle, but easily is removed from board of this air vehicle;
automatically the unrolled ELT(AD) - ELT which not movably is fixed onboard the air vehicle and is automatically unrolled and works as a result of blow, and, in certain cases, is also put in action by hydrostatic sensors, also its expansion manually is provided;
rescue ELT(S) - ELT which is removed from board of the air vehicle is placed so that it could be used easily in emergency environment, and is put in action manually survived;
6) aerial works - the specialized transactions which are carried out by the operator using civil air vehicles for the benefit of other physical and (or) legal entities;
7) automatically the separated airborne recorder - the airborne recorder established on the air vehicle which is capable to separate automatically from the air vehicle;
8) the automatic landing system - the aircraft equipment which provides autocontrol of the air vehicle in approach time and landings;
9) fail-passive automatic landing system - the automatic landing system is fail-passive if, in case of refusal there is no essential trim change of the airplane, flight path or angular provision, but landing will not be carried out automatically;
10) possibilities of the person - the capabilities of the person and limits of its opportunities influencing safety and efficiency of aviation activities;
11) the aircraft commander of civil aviation - the pilot having the admission for independent control of the air vehicle of certain type on whom according to task for flight in commercial aviation or the similar document in general aviation responsibility for safe completion of flight (flights) is conferred;
12) authorized body in the field of civil aviation - the central actuator performing management in the field of use of airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of civil and experimental aviation;
12-1) authorized organization in the field of civil aviation - the joint-stock company with absolute participation of the state in the authorized capital performing the activities aimed at providing sustainable development of industry of civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, aviation safety and aviation safety;
12-2) minimum absolute altitude in zone (AMA) - the minimum absolute altitude which is subject to use in the instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) and providing the minimum inventory of height over obstacles within the established zone determined by parallels and meridians. Note. AMA is used outside flight track in case of force majeure in flight such as, impossibility of keeping of the set echelon (height) of flight because of weather conditions, flight technical characteristics of the air vehicle, depressurization and refusal or loss of reading accuracy of the main altimeters (difference in indications more 200th foot);
13) indicating system on windshield - indicating system which displays to the pilot flight information in coverage area on flight progress;
14) guidance system for landing approach and landing with indication on windshield - the guidance system for landing approach and landing with use of head-up display is onboard instrument system which displays sufficient information, and this targeting on certain part of windshield of the air vehicle imposed in the form of the conformal projection consistent with external visual situation and which allows the pilot to carry out maneuvers of the air vehicle manually, being based only on this information and targeting in case of acceptable for the considered category of flights of degree of characteristics and reliability;
15) approbation - approval, the approval based on check, inspection, testing;
16) extralight flight vehicles - air vehicles with take-off mass less than 750 kg, and also aerostats, power gliders, hang gliders, paraplanes and other flight vehicles of this category;
17) instrument landing approach - calling or landing with use of devices of navigation targeting on the basis of instrument approach chart, are available two methods of accomplishment of landing approach:
two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approach with use only of side navigation targeting, three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approach with use of both side, and vertical navigation targeting;
side and vertical navigation targeting represents the targeting provided with the help:
land radio navigation aid, or navigation these terrestrial, satellite, autonomous navaids or complex of these means issued by the computer;
landing approaches and blind landings are classified as follows:
inexact landing approaches and landings of NPA - landing approach and blind landing in case of which the azimuth guidance is used, but is not used targeting on glide path,
precision approaches and landings of PA - landing approach and blind landing in case of which the exact azimuth guidance and glide path with the minima determined by category of landing is used;
the azimuth guidance and glide path belongs to the targeting provided:
land navaids, or the navigation data generated by the computer;
18) procedures of instrument landing approach - series of in advance planned maneuvers which are carried out on flight control instruments, in case of observance of the established requirements providing prevention of collision with obstacles from checkpoint of initial approach or, in appropriate cases, from the beginning of the established arrival route to point from where landing can be executed and if landing is not executed, then to point from which criteria of flight of obstacles in the waiting area or on route are applied, procedures of instrument landing approach are classified as follows:
procedures of inexact landing approach - the instrument approach chart intended for accomplishment of two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approaches of type in case of which the azimuth guidance is used, but is not used targeting on A glide path,
procedures of landing approach with vertical targeting - the instrument approach chart with use of the navigation of PBN based on characteristics intended for accomplishment of three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approaches like A
procedures of precision approach - the instrument approach chart on the basis of use of navigation systems (ILS, MLS, GLS and SBAS SAT I) intended for accomplishment of three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approaches like A or B in case of which the exact azimuth guidance and glide path with the minima determined by category of landing is used;
19) instrument flight rules - number of the rules regulating flight execution in instrument meteorological conditions;
20) the procedure (scheme) of fly-by-wires - the description of number of in advance determined in-flight maneuvres which are carried out on flight control instruments which is published in electronic and/or printing type;
21) standard route of arrival on devices - the established arrival route according to the instrument flight rules (further - PPP) connecting the main point it is normal on route of air traffic maintenance (further - Department of Internal Affairs), with point from which flight on the published instrument approach chart can begin;
22) standard departure route on devices - the established departure route on PPP connecting airfield or certain landing strip of airfield with the appointed main point it is normal on the set route of Department of Internal Affairs in which the flight stage along route begins;
23) instrument meteorological conditions - the meteorological conditions expressed in sizes of visible range, distances to clouds and heights of the lower bound of clouds, these sizes is lower than the minima established for visual meteorological conditions;
24) aeronautical information - information obtained as a result of collection, the analysis and data processing for the purposes of flight servicing of air vehicles, Department of Internal Affairs and air traffic control (further - the Department of Internal Affairs);
25) the aeronautical chart - the conditional image of the site of the land surface, its relief and artificial features which is specially intended for the purposes of accomplishment of flights;
26) aerostat - the lighter-than-air aircraft (environment) which lifting force is created at the expense of gas in its cover which density is less, than air density;
27) rapprochement of air vehicles - the situation in which, according to the pilot or personnel of body of Department of Internal Affairs, distance between air vehicles, and also their relative location and speed are that that data security of air vehicles can be threatened is classified as follows:
risk of collision - category of situations when rapprochement of air vehicles was resulted by serious collision hazard;
safety of flight was not guaranteed - category of situations when as a result of rapprochement of air vehicles safety of these air vehicles could be threatened;
risk of collision was absent - category of situations when as a result of rapprochement of air vehicles there was no collision hazard;
the risk is not determined - category of situations with rapprochement of air vehicles when lack of rather complete information, does not allow to determine the existing risk of collision, or not enough convincing data or the available data contradict each other and it does not allow to determine risk degree;
28) the air vehicle - the device supported in the atmosphere due to its interaction with air excepting interaction with the air reflected from earth's (water) surface;
29) aircraft icing - adjournment of ice on different parts of the air vehicle;
30) flight manual of the air vehicle - the management acceptable for the state of the operator and including operations procedure in regular, special and emergency situations, check lists, restrictions, information on flight technical characteristics and data on systems of the air vehicle, and also other materials connected with operation of the air vehicle;
Tracking the air vehicle - the process established by the operator providing carried out on the earth registration and updating through the standardized time intervals of data on four-dimensional location separate air sudovv you weed 31);
32) air traffic maintenance - flight and information servicing, the emergency notification, dispatching Department of Internal Affairs (district dispatching servicing, dispatching servicing of approach or airdrome dispatching service);
33) the area of Department of Internal Affairs - airspace of the established sizes in which borders the Department of Internal Affairs on airways and routes out of them is performed by the dispatcher of district dispatch center;
34) route of Department of Internal Affairs - the established route which is intended for movement direction of flow for the purpose of ensuring air traffic maintenance;
35) airway - controlled airspace (or its part) in the form of corridor;
36) the terminal area (the terminal control area (Terminal control area (TMA) - the dispatching area created in places of convergence of routes of Department of Internal Affairs in the neighborhood of one or several large airfields;
37) airfield (marine aerodrome) - certain site terrestrial or surface of the water (including buildings, constructions and the equipment), intended fully or partially for arrival, departure and movement on this surface of air vehicles;
38) process of development of the airfield scheme - process, characteristic of designing of schemes of fly-by-wires, which leads to creation or change of this or that scheme of fly-by-wires;
39) data on airfield - the data concerning airfield, including its sizes, coordinates, excesses and other particulars on landing strip, taxiways, installations, the equipment, means and procedures for production of flights relating to it;
40) qualification of the aircraft commander (copilot) for accomplishment of flights on applicable operational minima of airfield - minimum admissible values of visible range on landing strip (further - RVR) / visibilities (further - VIS) and the absolute or relative altitude of decision making (further - DA/DH), and if necessary and heights of the lower bound of clouds with which it is allowed to make safely take off and landing on the air vehicle of this type;
41) operational minima of airfield - restriction of use of airfield for:
take-off, expressed in visible range sizes on landing strip and/or visibility and, if necessary, by overcast parameters;
the landings in case of accomplishment of two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approaches expressed in sizes of visibility and/or visible range on landing strip, MDA/H and, if necessary, by overcast parameters;
the landings in case of accomplishment of three-dimensional (3D) instrument landing approaches expressed in sizes of visibility and/or visible range on the landing strip and DA/H corresponding to type and/or category of flight;
42) orientation loss - situation in case of which the pilot (crew) cannot determine the location with the accuracy necessary for continuation of the set flight;
43) the specification of required characteristics of communication of RCP - set of requirements to provision of Department of Internal Affairs and to the corresponding ground equipment, opportunities of the air vehicle and transactions necessary for implementation of the communication based on characteristics;
44) the specification of required characteristics of observation of RSP - set of requirements to provision of Department of Internal Affairs and to the corresponding ground equipment, opportunities of air vehicles and transactions necessary for the exercising watch based on characteristics;
45) ground system of control and correction - the control system and corrections by means of which the user obtains information on control and correction directly from ground-based transmitter;
46) landing distance available - the runway length which is located and suitable for run of the air vehicle after landing;
47) restrictions on use of the air vehicle and its equipment in case of all-weather flying, minimum of the air vehicle - are established on minimum admissible RVR and MDA/DA/H values, allowing to make safely take off and landing on the air vehicle of this type;
48) all-weather flying - any land movement, take-off, departure, landing approach or landing in the weather conditions limiting visual orientation;
49) barometric height - the atmospheric pressure expressed in sizes of the absolute altitude corresponding to this pressure on the standard atmosphere;
Total 50) mistake on height - geometrical difference in the vertical plane between the actual barometric height at which there is air vehicle, and the set barometric height (flight level);
51) error of altimetry system - difference between absolute altitude on the altimeter indicator, on condition of the correct barometric pressure setting on the altimeter, and the barometric height corresponding to nonperturbed surrounding pressure;
52) airborne recorder - any recording instrument established onboard the air vehicle as additional source of data for conducting investigation of aviation incident or incident;
53) height of the lower bound of clouds - distance down between land surface or waters and the lower bound of the lowest cloud cover, the being lower than 6000 m (20000 foot) and the closing more than a half of the sky;
54) vektoreniye (radar targeting) - ensuring navigation guidance of the air vehicle by means of specifying of certain rates on the basis of use of watch system of Department of Internal Affairs;
55) zone of visual maneuvering (circling flight) - zone within which it is necessary to consider inventory of obstacle clearance for the air vehicles which are carrying out circling approach;
56) visual meteorological conditions - the meteorological conditions expressed in sizes of visible range, distances to clouds and height of the lower bound of the clouds corresponding to the established minima or exceeding them;
57) rest time - continuous and certain period of time after the period of execution of service duties and (or) to it during which members of flight or cabin crew are exempted from execution of all service duties;
58) the airship - the managed aerostat set in motion by the power unit;
59) file-operational automatic landing system - the automatic landing system, is file-operational if in case of landing approach, equalization and landing can be executed by means of the remaining part of automatic system;
60) file-operational combination system of landing - system which consists of two or several independent landing systems and in case of refusal of one system, targeting or management is provided with the remaining system (the remaining systems) that allows to execute landing.
Note: the file-operational combination system of landing can consist of fail-passive automatic landing system with the controlled indication on windshield providing to the pilot such targeting which allows after failure of the system of automatic landing to execute landing in manual control mode;
61) missed approach point - point in instrument approach chart in which or to which for providing the minimum inventory of height over obstacles flight according to the ordered scheme of go-around shall begin;
62) the scheme of go-around - procedure to which it is necessary to adhere in case of impossibility of continuation of landing approach;
63) the maximum weight - the maximum certified take-off mass;
64) particular case - situation which results from sudden refusal of aviation engineering or hit of the air vehicle in the conditions demanding from crew of the actions different from regular piloting of the air vehicle;
65) the minimum list of the equipment (further - MEL) - the list providing operation of the air vehicle in certain conditions in case of refusal of specific component of the equipment which is constituted by the operator according to standard MEL for this aircraft type or more strict requirements;
66) the standard minimum list of the equipment (further - MMEL) - the list constituted by the organization responsible for standard pattern, for specific aircraft type, approved by the state of developer and determining equipment components, defect of one or several of which does not interfere with mission initiation, in MMEL special field environment, restrictions can make a reservation or governed;
67) the final reserve of fuel - represents fuel reserve, the destination expected with use of settlement landing weight in case of arrival alternate aerodrome or on airfield of destination when the alternate aerodrome for destination is not required;
68) plain terrain - the area with relative excesses of relief to 200 m (the 650th foot) in radius of 25 km;
69) general aviation - the civil aviation which is in property of physical and (or) legal entities and used for the purpose of holding training, sporting, cultural and educational events, development of technical creativity, satisfaction of personal needs of the operator of the air vehicle, and also used not for a fee and not on hiring for the purpose of:
public conveyances, baggage, load and mailings;
accomplishment of aerial works;
search and rescue and wreckings, assistance in case of natural disasters;
70) wind shear - alteration of speed and (or) wind directions in airspace, including ascending and downdrafts:
wind shear weak - from 0 to 2 m/s (from 0 to 4 bonds) inclusive on 30 m (the 100th foot) of height;
wind shear moderate - from 2 to 4 m/s (from 5 to 8 bonds) inclusive on 30 m (the 100th foot) of height;
wind shear strong - from 4 to 6 m/s (from 9 to 12 bonds) inclusive on 30 m (the 100th foot) of height;
wind shear very strong - over 6 m/s (12 bonds) on 30 m (the 100th foot) of height;
71) the relative height of special attention - the relative height of special attention corresponds to relative height over landing strip threshold, established on the basis of characteristics of the airplane and its file-operational automatic landing system above which landing approach on SAT of III stops and begins go-around if there was refusal in one of reserve parts of automatic landing system or in the corresponding ground equipment;
72) the member of cabin crew - person belonging to aeronautical personnel who for the benefit of safety and for the purpose of servicing of passengers and (or) carriage of goods carries out the obligations onboard the air vehicle charged to it by the operator or the aircraft commander, but not being the member of flight crew;
73) zone, free from obstacle of OFZ - airspace over inner surface for restriction of approach zone, inner transitional surface and balked landing surface and that part of strip which is limited to these surfaces and in which only the objects having the minimum weight and fragile design and necessary for flight servicing of air vehicles can be established;
73-1) minimum absolute altitude of flight of obstacles (MOCA) - the minimum absolute altitude of flight on certain site which provides necessary inventory of height over obstacles;
74) boundary of leaving (return) of PNR - the latest geographical point from which the air vehicle can continue en route flight to arrival airfield, and also to the alternate aerodrome which is available for this run on route;
75) head-up display of HUD - the indicating system displaying flight data against the background of outside world in sight of the pilot in flight course;
76) the list of variations from configuration of CDL - the list constituted by the organization responsible for standard pattern, approved by the state of developer, determining all external parts of the standard air vehicle which can be absent in mission initiation, and containing, if necessary, any information on the corresponding operational restrictions and changes of flight technical characteristics;
77) combination system of visualization of CVS - indicating system of the images received from system of technical sight with expanded opportunities of visualization of EVS and system of the synthesized visualization of SVS;
78) system of technical sight with expanded opportunities of visualization of EVS - the indicating system of electronic images of external situation in real time based on use of sensors of the image;
79) visual flight - the flight which is carried out in conditions when the attitude of the air vehicle and its location is determined by the pilot (pilot) visually by the natural horizon and terrestrial (surface) reference points;
80) the visual flight rules (further - PVP) - number of the rules regulating flight execution in visual meteorological conditions;
81) special VFR flight (further - SPVP) - flight which accomplishment in control zone in case of less favorable meteorological conditions, than the minimum flight conditions on PVP, is authorized body of Department of Internal Affairs;
82) visibility - for the aviation purposes represents the greatest of the following sizes:
the greatest distance at which it is possible to differentiate and identify the black object of the acceptable sizes located near the earth in case of its observation on light background;
the greatest distance at which it is possible to differentiate and identify fires luminous intensity about 1000 cd on dark background;
83) unexpected operational circumstances - events resistant to planning, for example unpredictable weather conditions, equipment malfunctions or delays of air traffic which do not depend on the operator;
84) close meteorological conditions - conditions under which the meteorological visibility constitutes 2000 meters and less and (or) height of the lower bound of clouds of 200 meters (650 feet) and below in case of their total quantity more than two octants;
85) the waiting area - the airspace of certain sizes established over radio navigational point (further - RNT) the terminal area (airline hub) for expectation by air vehicles of queue of aerodrome approach and (or) landing approach;
86) the mission profile in the waiting area - in advance determined maneuver allowing the air vehicle to remain within certain airspace waiting for the subsequent permission;
87) the small airplane - the airplane which has the maximum certified take-off mass of 5700 kg or is less;
88) safe height - minimum admissible flight height guaranteeing the air vehicle against collision with earth's (water) surface or with obstacles in it;
89) safe forced landing - imminent landing or ditching in case of which accomplishment, it is possible with good cause to believe that bodily harms will not be put to persons which are on the air vehicle or on surface;
90) dangerous goods - products or substances which are capable to create health hazard, to safety, property or the environment and which are specified in the List of dangerous goods provided in Technical instructions or which are classified according to them;
91) remotely piloted aviation system - the complex of the configured elements which is turning on the unmanned aerial vehicle, the related equipment, necessary lines of management and control, and also any other systems which can be required at any time during the course of performance flight;
92) the engine - the device used or held for use for the purpose of propulsion of the air vehicle, it includes those components and the equipment which are necessary for functioning and control, but does not turn on the air screw / rotors (if they are applied);
93) TDZ-touchdown zone the part of landing strip behind its threshold intended for the first contact of landing strip with the landing airplanes;
94) automatic flight control system with automatic approach condition - the aircraft equipment which provides autocontrol of airplane flight path in approach time;
95) contact approach - landing approach in case of flight under instrument flight rules when the instrument approach chart in parts or in full is not observed and calling is carried out on visual ground marks.
96) zone of final approach and rise of FATO - the established zone over which the final stage of maneuver of landing approach to the mode of hanging or landing is completed and with which the take-off maneuver begins and when FATO be used by helicopters with class flight technical characteristics 1, it includes the located rejected take-off area;
97) point of prohibition of landing approach - point after which the instrument landing approach does not proceed lower than 300 m (1000 foot) over exceeding of airfield or within terminal phase of landing approach if the reported visibility or control RVR below operational minimum of airfield;
98) final approach - that part of instrument approach chart which begins in the established checkpoint (or point) final approach or in the absence of such point:
at the end of the last procedure turn, base-leg turn or turn on inbound track in the "hippodrome" scheme if that is provided, or
in point of exit to the last track line in approach chart also comes to an end in terminal area point from which landing can be executed, or go-around is begun;
99) terminal phase of landing approach (FAS) - the site of instrument approach chart within which exit in alignment of the runway and decrease is made for landing;
100) the stabilized landing approach of SAP - the controlled landing approach which is carried out in the conditions of the corresponding configuration, speed and control over flight path from in advance determined point or absolute/relative altitude to point is 50 feet higher than threshold of landing strip or point where flaring maneuvre begins if this point is located above;
101) alternate aerodrome - airfield on which the air vehicle can follow if it is impossible or inexpedient to follow on airfield of the planned landing or to make on it landing.
The following airfields treat reserve:
the alternate aerodrome in case of take-off - alternate aerodrome on which the air vehicle will be able to make landing if in it there is need soon after take-off and is not possible to use departure airfield;
alternate aerodrome on route - alternate aerodrome on which the air vehicle will be able to make landing if in flight time along route it turned out that it is necessary to leave on alternate aerodrome;
alternate aerodrome of destination - alternate aerodrome on which the air vehicle if it is impossible or inexpedient to make aerodrome landing of the planned landing will be able to make landing;
102) crucial system in case of production of flights with the increased time of diversion to alternate aerodrome of EDTO - the system of the airplane, refusal or deterioration in work of which can affect seriously in particular aviation safety of EDTO or the continuity of functioning of which has especially critical value for ensuring safe flight and aircraft landing of flight of EDTO during execution of it;
103) the maximum time of diversion to alternate aerodrome - the most admissible distance expressed in flight time from any point on route to alternate aerodrome on route;
104) dry landing strip - the landing strip is considered dry if its surface is not wet or contaminated and on it there is no visible moisture within zone, held for use;
105) essential obstacle - any natural element of the area or artificially erected object, both permanent, and temporary which considerably towers over adjacent and surrounding elements of the area and which represents potential hazard for safety of aircraft flight in case of accomplishment of that type of flights for which the specific scheme is developed;
106) marker - the object established over earth level for designation of obstacle or border (boundary);
107) meteorological data - the meteorological report, the analysis, the forecast and any other message concerning the actual or expected meteorological conditions;
108) the navigation specification - set of the requirements to the air vehicle and flight crew necessary for flight servicing in the conditions of the navigation based on characteristics within the established airspace;
109) the isolated airfield - airfield of destination for which there is no alternate aerodrome of the destination suitable for this aircraft type;
110) the located take-off run - the runway length which is sufficient and suitable for running start of the air vehicle making take-off;
111) whirl of the circle is such flow state in case of which, the sizes characterizing it experience random changes in time and in space, such that it is possible to determine their statistical typical average characteristics;
112) transitional layer - airspace between the absolute altitude of transition and transition flight level;
113) translated meteorological visibility of CMV - the value (equivalent to one of RVR values) removed from the reported meteorological visibility;
114) transition flight level - the low flight level which can be used for flight above the absolute altitude of transition;
114-1) certificate of the admission to operation - the document containing the data confirming satisfactory accomplishment of the works on maintenance specified in it according to the relevant standards of the flight validity;
115) psychoactive agents - alcohol, opioids, kannabinoida, sedatives and hypnotic medicines, cocaine, other psychostimulators, hallucinogens and flying solvents; tobacco and caffeine are excluded;
116) broadcasting VOLMET broadcast - provision in appropriate cases of the current reports of METAR, SPECI, forecasts of TAF and information of SIGMET by means of the continuous and repeating speech broadcast;
117) taxing - movement of the air vehicle on surface of airfield due to own draft, except for take off and landing;
117-1) minimum absolute altitude in the sector (MSA) - the smallest absolute altitude which will provide the minimum inventory of height of 300 m (1000 foot) over all objects which are in the sector of circle with a radius of 46 km (25 m of miles) in which center the main point, checkpoint of airfield or checkpoint of helidrome is located;
118) system of the synthesized visualization of SVS - indicating system of the synthesized images of the external situation in the long term opening from the pilot's cabin received on the basis of this;
119) onboard anticollision system of BSPS or TCAS - the system based on use of signals of the transponder of secondary surveillance radar which functions irrespective of ground equipment and provides to the pilot (pilot) information on conflict situation which the air vehicles equipped with transponders of secondary surveillance radar can create;
120) system of satellite landing of GNSS (GLS) - the instrument landing approach based on data of ground system of functional amendment of GBAS;
121) procedure turn - the maneuver in case of which the top aside from desired track with the subsequent turn in opposite direction is carried out the air vehicle came to the same desired track and followed on it in the opposite direction;
122) the critical zone ILS - zone of certain sizes near antennas of course and glide-path transmitters in which, in case of accomplishment of any flights with use of ILS, there shall not be vehicles, including air vehicles;
123) the critical zone MLS - zone of certain sizes near antennas of azimuthal and goniometric transmitters in which, in case of accomplishment of any flights with use of MLS, there shall not be vehicles, including air vehicles;
124) the critical engine (engines) - the engine (engines), which refusal (which) makes the most adverse effect on the characteristics of the air vehicle relating to the considered case;
125) arrival airfield - the airfield specified in flight plan or in task for flight (air bill) as airfield of the planned landing, arrival airfields are subdivided into airfields of intermediate and final landing;
126) required navigation characteristics of RNP - the statement for the navigation characteristics necessary for accomplishment of flights within certain airspace;
127) airfield (marine aerodrome) mountain - the airfield (marine aerodrome) located on the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses of 500 m (1650 foot) and more in radius of 25 km from checkpoint of airfield (marine aerodrome) or located at the height of 1000 m (the 3300th foot) and more above sea level;
128) the area mountain - the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses of 500 m (1650 foot) and more in radius of 25 km, and also the area with exceeding above sea level 2000 m (the 6560th foot) and more;
129) maintenance - work, necessary for providing continuing airworthiness of the air vehicle, including control recovery work, checks, replacements, elimination of defects which are carried out as separately, and in combination, and also practical implementation of modification or repair;
130) the program of maintenance - the document containing the description of specific planned works on maintenance and frequency of their accomplishment, and also the related procedures, for example programs of reliability, those air vehicles, necessary for ensuring safe operation, which it concerns;
131) hilly terrain - the area with the crossed relief and relative excesses from 200 m (the 650th foot) to 500 m (1650 foot) in radius of 25 km;
132) the minimum absolute/relative descent altitude of MDA/H - the absolute/relative altitude specified in the scheme of two-dimensional (2D) instrument landing approach or approach chart around below which decrease shall not be made without necessary visual contact with reference points;
133) turbulence - movement of air in case of which air particles make the unsteady chaotic movement on difficult trajectories;
133-1) night - the period of night-time between the solar phenomena, nightfall and dawn (the end of evening civil twilight and the beginning of morning civil twilight);
134) visibility vertical - the maximum distance from the Earth's surface to the level from which down verticals are visible objects on earth's surface;
135) the reduced minimum of vertical separation of RVSM - represents nominal minimum in 300 m (1000 foot) for use by the air vehicles which are carrying out flight in interval between echelons of 8850 m (FL 290) and 12500 m (FL 410) (inclusive) within the established regions of airspace;
136) the helicopter - the air vehicle is heavier than air which is supported in flight generally due to reaction of air with one or several rotors rotated by the power unit around the axes which are approximately in vertical position;
137) helidrome - the airfield or certain surface segment on construction intended fully or partially for arrival, departure and movement of helicopters on this surface;
138) threshold time - the distance established by the state of the operator expressed in flight time to alternate aerodrome on route which any exceeding requires approval of flight of EDTO by the state of the operator;
139) the place of expectation at the runway - the certain place intended for protection of the runway, the surface of restriction of obstacles or critical (sensitive) zone PMC (ILS) on which the driving air vehicles and vehicles stop and are expected if there is no other specifying from the relevant control office;
140) landing strip threshold - start of the segment of landing strip, used for landing of air vehicles;
141) the airplane - the air vehicle is heavier than air, set in motion by the power unit which lifting force in flight is created generally due to aerodynamic reactions on the surfaces remaining motionless in these flight conditions;
142) control center the unmanned aerial vehicle - the element of remotely piloted aviation system which is turning on the equipment used for remote piloting by the air vehicle;
143) pilotless uncontrollable aerostat - the lighter-than-air drone aircraft, without power unit, being in free flight;
144) the unmanned aerial vehicle - the air vehicle which is carrying out flight without pilot (crew) onboard and managed in flight automatically, the operator from control center or combination of the specified methods;
145) flight and information Department of Internal Affairs - servicing which purpose is provision of consultations and information for ensuring safe and effective implementation of flights;
146) flight height - distance down from the level accepted for zero reference datum of values of height and to the air vehicle;
147) the analysis of flight data - process of the analysis of the registered flight data for the purpose of increase in level of aviation safety;
148) flight plan - the document of the established form containing certain data on the planned flight or part of aircraft flight, the Department of Internal Affairs provided to bodies;
149) the training device of imitation flight - any of the following three types of devices by means of which on the earth flight conditions are imitated:
the exercise machine imitating flight conditions which provides the exact reproduction of flight deck of certain aircraft type allowing to imitate real functions mechanical, electric, electronic and other onboard systems, situation, regular for members of flight crew, and flight technical characteristics of this aircraft type;
the exercise machine for working off of piloting technique which provides real reproduction of situation in flight deck and imitates indications of devices, simple functions mechanical, electric, electronic and other onboard systems, and also flight technical characteristics of the air vehicle of certain class;
the exercise machine for the main instrument flight training which is equipped with the corresponding devices and which imitates situation in flight deck in flight time of the air vehicle on devices;
150) the absolute altitude of flight of obstacles or relative obstacle clearance altitude - the minimum absolute altitude or the minimum relative height over exceeding of the corresponding threshold of landing strip or, in appropriate cases, over exceeding of airfield, the obstacles used for ensuring compliance with the corresponding criteria of flight;
151) flight management - the management concerning the airworthiness certificate (the certificate of airworthiness) and containing restrictions within which the air vehicle is considered suitable for flights, both the instructions and information necessary for members of flight crew for ensuring safe operation of the air vehicle;
152) system of documentation on aviation safety - set of the documents interconnected, established by the operator which are containing information necessary for flight and ground operations in the systematized type and including management on production of flights and the operator's management on maintenance regulation;
153) safety management system of flights - system approach to safety management of flights, including necessary organizational structure, hierarchy of responsibility, guidelines and procedures;
154) airborne time:
for airplanes - general time from the moment of airplane start of motion for the purpose of take-off until its stop upon termination of flight;
for helicopters - general time from the moment of the beginning of rotation of blades of rotors of the helicopter, until full stop of the helicopter upon termination of flight and the termination of rotation of rotors;
155) the member of flight crew - the person belonging to aeronautical personnel, having the existing certificate of aeronautical personnel to whom the obligations connected with control of the air vehicle during airborne time are assigned;
156) flight level - the surface of constant atmospheric pressure carried to normal setting of pressure of 1013,25 of hPa and remote from other such surfaces at size of the established pressure intervals;
157) task for flight - the document of the established form containing the necessary information about crew, the air vehicle, determining route and objective of the flight (flights);
158) visibility in flight - visibility from cabin of the aircraft pilot in flight course;
159) management on production of flights (further - RPP) - the management containing rules, instructions and recommendations for use by operating personnel in case of accomplishment of the obligations;
160) the employee on ensuring flights / the flight dispatcher - person designated by the operator for control and observation of production of flights which has the qualification conforming to requirements of Appendix 1 to the Convention ICAO also gives support, instructs and (or) helps the aircraft commander with providing safe flight execution;
161) suitable for accomplishment of flights - the condition of the air vehicle, engine, air screw or part in case of which they correspond to their approved design and are capable to provide safe operation;
162) working flight plan - the plan constituted by the operator for safe flight execution taking into account flight technical characteristics of the airplane, operational restrictions and the expected conditions on the set route and in the relevant airfields;
163) the shift pilot on cruiser flight stage - the member of flight crew which is appointed for accomplishment of functions of the pilot on cruiser flight stage for the period of the planned rest of the aircraft commander or copilot;
164) estimated arrival time:
when flying on PPP is estimated arrival time of the air vehicle in the planned point designated by navaids with which accomplishment of maneuver of instrument landing approach is supposed, or, in the absence of the navaid connected with this airfield - arrival time of the air vehicle to point over airfield;
in case of accomplishment of flights on PVP - estimated arrival time of the air vehicle in point over airfield;
when flying on PVP observance of instrument approach chart is not required;
165) characteristic point after rise of DPATO - the point within stage of take-off and initial climb before which achievement capability of the helicopter to continue safe one-power-unit-inoperative flight is not provided and forced landing can be required;
166) takeoff distance - the distance across passed by the air vehicle from start point to point at the height of 10 m concerning landing strip threshold level in separation point;
167) landing strip (further - the runway) - the certain rectangular site of overland airfield prepared for landing and take-off of air vehicles;
168) the located accelerate stop distance - the amount of the located take-off run and length of end stopway (safety) if it is provided;
169) flight of the increased range - any flight which is carried out by airplane with two gas turbine engines in case of which the flight time with cruising speed (in the conditions of MSA and in calm conditions) in case of one non-running engine from any point of route to the alternate aerodrome conforming to requirements exceeds the threshold time established by the state of the operator;
170) system of risk management, connected with fatigue FRMS - the system of continuous monitoring of the risks connected with fatigue which is based on the data for aviation safety and management of them, based on the scientific principles and knowledge, and also operational experience and providing accomplishment by the corresponding personnel of the functions in condition of proper level of activity;
171) take-off in the conditions of limited visibility of LVTO - visible range on the runway (RVR) makes less than 400 m;
172) procedures in the conditions of limited visibility - the procedures applied in airfields for the purpose of safety control of landing approaches in case of landing approach on categories CAT II/CAT III and departures in the conditions of RVR less than 550 m;
173) circling approach - the amendment to instrument approach chart providing accomplishment of visual flight around over airfield before landing;
174) surveillance radar - the radar equipment used for position determination of the air vehicle on range and azimuth;
175) the large-size airplane - the airplane which has the maximum certified take-off mass over 5700 kg;
176) the electronic flight EFB tablet - the electronic information system for flight crew consisting of the equipment and the application programs and allowing it to use the EFB functions on storage, updating, display and data processing applied in case of flight execution or the obligations connected with flight;
177) echeloning - vertical, horizontal (longitudinal and side) dispersion of air vehicles in airspace on the established intervals;
178) flights at height below standard flight height on SAT of I - flights in case of the incomplete structure of approach lighting system and/or the light-signal equipment representing alternative to the standard systems of the light-signal equipment described in volume I of Appendix 14 to the Convention ICAO;
179) non-standard flights on category of SAT II - the flights with the increased minima of RVR which are carried out on the runways equipped with incomplete systems of approach lights and/or light-signal systems of the runway;
180) continuous descent approach on final approach of CDFA - certain equipment for flight on segment of final approach of the procedure of inexact instrument landing approach as continuous decrease, without equalization, from absolute/relative altitude or above the established absolute/relative altitude of final approach to the point approximately equal of 15 m (the 50th foot), above threshold to the runway or point where the maneuver for aircraft type begins;
181) critical fuel reserve when flying EDTO - the fuel quantity necessary for flight to alternate aerodrome on route taking into account refusal of the system which is the most limited on operating time in the most stagnation point on route;
182) the notice of NOTAM - the notice distributed by means of telecommunication and containing information on enforcement, condition or change of any aeronautical equipment, servicing and rules or information on danger, the timely prevention of which is important for the personnel connected with accomplishment of flights;
183) the communication based on characteristics of PBC - the communication based on the requirements and characteristics applied to provision of air traffic maintenance;
184) the navigation based on characteristics of PBN - the navigation based on characteristics represents the area navigation based on the requirements to utilization properties of the air vehicle which are carrying out instrument landing approaches on the route serviced by air traffic service or in the appointed airspace;
185) the observation based on characteristics of PBS - the observation based on the requirements and characteristics applied to provision of Department of Internal Affairs;
186) area navigation of RNAV - the navigation method allowing the air vehicle to carry out flight on any desirable trajectory within the action area of terrestrial or satellite navaids or in the limits determined by opportunities of autonomous means or their combination;
187) vertical navigation of VNAV - navigation method in case of which the air vehicle can maintain vertical profile of flight by means of measuring equipment of height, external fixtures of flight path or their combination;
188) zone of airfield movement - the airspace of certain sizes around airfield established for safety control of airfield movement;
189) control zone - the controlled airspace stretching up from earth's surface to the established upper bound;
190) twilight - the period of light (day) time of day between the solar phenomena, dawn and sunrise - morning civil twilight, sunset and nightfall - evening civil twilight.
In these rules the following reducings are used:
PMU - instrument meteorological conditions;
PPP (IFR) - instrument flight rules;
AF - the air vehicle (air vehicles);
KVS - the aircraft commander;
IVP - use of airspace;
The Department of Internal Affairs - air traffic control;
Department of Internal Affairs - air traffic maintenance;
RPD - landing distance available;
NGO - the lower bound of clouds;
VNGO - height of the lower bound of clouds;
VMU - visual meteorological conditions;
hPa - hectopascal;
hail/sec. - degrees a second;
WC - frequency modulation;
AON - general aviation;
Fuel and lubricants - fuels and lubricants;
ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization;
kg - kilogram;
AFU - the auxiliary power unit;
km - kilometer;
km/h - kilometer per hour;
SPVP - special VFR flight;
PVP (VFR) - the visual flight rules;
VORL - secondary surveillance radar;
m - meter;
Mbar - millibar;
MHz - megahertz;
m/s - meter per second;
OVCh (VHF) - very high frequency;
RLK - radar control;
RNT - radio navigational point;
RTS - radio engineering means;
BSPS or TCAS - onboard anticollision system;
cm - centimeter;
mm Hg - millimeters of mercury;
MVS - minimum descent altitude;
m mile - nautical mile;
bonds - node;
RPP - management on production of flights;
The runway - landing strip;
RLE - flight manual of the air vehicle (flight management for the air vehicle of foreign production);
SUBP - safety management system of flights;
The SPU - flight interphone system;
The UAV - the unmanned aerial vehicle;
LTH - flight technical characteristics;
RDPV - the located accelerate stop distance;
foot - foot (feet);
foot/min. - feet a minute;
MSA - the international standard atmosphere;
VPR - decision making height;
ADRS - systems of record of flight data;
AEO - speed with all healthy engines;
AFCS - automatic flight control system;
AIP - the collection of aeronautical information;
AIR - aircraft recorders of visual situation;
AIRS - onboard recording systems of visual situation;
AIS - reference aeronautical information;
AMSL - over mean level of the sea;
APV - approach chart with vertical targeting
ARA - landing approach on the onboard radar;
ASE - error of altimetry system;
ATIS - services of automatic information transfer in the terminal area;
CARS - recording system of sound situation in flight deck;
SAT of I - category I;
SAT of II - category II;
SAT of III - category III;
SAT of IIIA - category IIIA;
SAT of IIIB - category IIIB;
SAT of IIIC - category IIIC;
CDFA - continuous descent approach on final approach;
CDL - the list of acceptable deviations from configuration;
CFIT-reduction of risk of collision with the earth of operational AF;
CFL - the permitted flight level;
CMV - the counted meteorological visibility;
COMAT - the operator's materials transported on the air vehicle of the operator for its own purposes;
CVR - airborne voice recorders;
CVS - combination system of visualization;
DA - the absolute altitude of decision making;
DH - the relative height of decision making;
DLR are registrars of air-ground data link;
DLRS - systems of air-ground data link;
DME - the range-metering equipment;
DPATO - characteristic point after take-off;
EDTO - system in case of production of flights with the increased time of diversion to alternate aerodrome;
EVS - systems of technical sight with expanded opportunities of visualization;
EFB - the electronic flight tablet;
ELT - the emergency drive sensor;
FAS - terminal phase of landing approach;
FATO - zone of final approach and take-off;
FDAU - the block of allocation of flight data;
FDR - the recorder of flight data;
FGS - automatic control system;
FL - flight level;
FMS - flight control system;
FRMS - system of risk management, connected with fatigue;
GBAS - ground system of control and correction;
GLS - system of satellite landing;
GNSS - the global navigation satellite system;
GPWS - alerting system about ground proximity;
HUD - head-up display of indications of devices on windshield of AF;
HUDLS - guidance system for landing approach and landing with indication on windshield of AF;
IAP - procedures of instrument landing approach;
ILS - blind landing system;
LDP - decision making point on landing;
LOC - localizer;
LTSCATI - the standard of SAT of I;
LVP - procedures in the conditions of limited visibility;
LVTO - take-off in the conditions of limited visibility;
MAPt - missed approach point;
MASPS - aviation system;
MDA/H - the minimum absolute/relative descent altitude;
MEL - the minimum list of the equipment;
MMEL - the standard minimum list of the equipment;
METAR - regular weather reports;
MLS - microwave landing system;
MNPS - requirements to the minimum navigation characteristics;
MSA - the minimum absolute altitude in the sector;
NDB - the non-directional radio beacon (separate locator beacon);
NOTAM - reference aeronautical information;
NPA - landing approach on inexact systems;
NVIS - system of night vision;
WASP - the absolute altitude of flight of obstacles;
OSN - relative obstacle clearance altitude;
OEI - speed is one non-running engine;
OTSCATII - the standard of SAT II;
PA - precision approaches and landings;
PAPI - precision approach path indicator;
PAR - the landing radar;
PBN - the navigation based on characteristics;
PBC - the communication based on characteristics;
PBS - the observation based on characteristics;
PED - portable radio-electronic devices;
PNR - boundary of leaving (return);
QFE - atmospheric pressure in hectopascals (further - hPa) or millimeters of mercury (further - mm Hg) at the level of runway threshold;
QNH - the atmospheric pressure in hPa specified to mean level of the sea for MSA;
RA - the mode of issue of recommendations about permission of multiple threat encounter;
RCP - the specification of required characteristics of communication;
RFFS - rescue and fire service;
RNAV - area navigation;
RNP - required navigation characteristics;
RSP - the specification of required characteristics of observation;
RVR - visible range on the runway, distance within which the pilot of AF who is on center line of the runway sees marking signs on the surfaces of the runway or fires limiting the runway or designating its center line;
RVSM - the reduced minimum of vertical separation;
Sap - steady landing approach;
SRA - surveillance radar;
SID - standard departure route on devices;
SIGMET - information of SIGMET;
SPECI - special weather reports;
STAR - standard route of arrival on devices;
SVS - system of the synthesized visualization;
TDP - decision making point in case of take-off;
TDZ - the touchdown zone;
TIBA - information on movement;
TVE - total mistake on height;
VIS - visibility;
VNAV - vertical navigation;
VOLMET - broadcasting transfer;
VOR - omnidirectional OVCh-radio beacon;
With - degrees Celsius;
% - percent.
3. The authorized body approves instructive material, and also issues directives on the flight validity according to standards and recommended practice of ICAO. The authorized organization develops instructive materials, and also directives on the flight validity according to standards and recommended practice of International Civil Aviation Organization (IKAO).
4. The authorized body in directives establishes:
1) reason of their release;
2) applicability and effective period;
3) their obligation for execution or advisory nature;
4) actions which will be taken by the operator of civil air vehicles (further - the operator).
5. In case of detection of non-execution of obligatory directives of authorized body the air vehicle (further - AF) for the purpose of production of flights is not allowed to operation.
6. The operator provides acquaintance of all crew members with the laws, rules and procedures connected with accomplishment of the obligations by them and which are applicable to the pro-flown areas, the used airfields and the appropriate aeronautical means.
Fulfills and observes the requirements established by the states in which production of flights is performed.
7. The operator is responsible that:
1) all its aeronautical personnel, including crew members, is warned about compliance with laws, rules and procedures of those states in which flights are carried out;
2) the aeronautical personnel of the operator in case of stay abroad is responsible for compliance with law of the Republic of Kazakhstan about use of the airspace of the Republic of Kazakhstan and activities of aircraft which is not contradicting the laws of the state of stay, and also its laws and rules.
8. According to Item 3.1.3 of Appendix 6 to the Convention ICAO (Part I) the operator or the representative appointed by it is responsible for management of flights.
9. According to Item 3.1.4 of Appendix 6 to the Convention ICAO (Part I) the aircraft commander (further - KVS) and the employee on ensuring flights / the flight dispatcher if the control method approved by the operator and observations of production of flights provides its use, are responsible for management of flights.
10. If the employee on ensuring flights / the flight dispatcher the first learns about emergency situation from which the threat for safety of AF or people results, then actions of this person provide, when necessary, the immediate notification of the relevant authorized bodies on nature of situation and polling message on assistance if it is required.
11. If the emergency environment menacing to safety of AF or persons requires undertaking of actions which lead to violation of instructions or rules of flights, KVS immediately notifies on it the Department of Internal Affairs relevant organ. Upon the demand of the state in which incident occurred KVS represents the report on any such violation to the relevant authorized body of such state, in this case KVS also represents the copy of this report to authorized body. Such reports are represented within ten calendar days.
12. Operators take measures to that KVS had onboard AF all necessary information concerning search and rescue services in the area over which their AF will fly by.
13. The operator provides possibility of communication of all crew members among themselves in one common language of work and maintaining technical documentation.
14. The operator provides that the aeronautical personnel was capable to understand language in which technical documentation and other documents which are connected with accomplishment by aeronautical personnel of the service duties and its powers is written.
15. The operator in case of accomplishment of the international flights provides possibility of conducting radio exchange and communication of KVS and crew members according to specified in flight manual (further - RLE) or RPP procedures with aeronautical personnel, terrestrial services, including services Department of Internal Affairs, and representatives of authorized body of foreign state in the language used when conducting radio-fraquency voice communication and to understand it as it is specified in Appendix 1 to the Convention ICAO.
16. Operators, except for belonging to general aviation (further - AON) and operating airplanes with the maximum certified take-off mass of 5700 kg and less, and helicopters with the maximum certified take-off mass of 3180 kg and less, according to the Program for aviation safety in the field of the civil aviation approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of March 11, 2016 No. 136, and also Standard instructions for safety management of flights of operators of civil air vehicles, at the airports, in case of air traffic maintenance, in case of maintenance of air vehicles, approved by the order of the Minister of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Kazakhstan of March 28, 2011 No. 173 (it is registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts No. 6855), implement the safety management system of flights (further - SUBP) including the minimum requirements to its implementation:
1) policy and purposes of safety-of-life function:
obligations and responsibility of management;
responsibility for aviation safety;
assignment of the leading experts responsible for aviation safety;
coordination of planning of actions on case of emergency environment;
documentation on SUBP;
2) risk management for aviation safety:
the risk management element, connected with aviation safety, present at SUBP, is based on process model of providing system safety of flights;
the purpose of management of risk factors for aviation safety consists in revealing dangerous factors, to evaluate the corresponding risk factors and to develop proper measures on their elimination or reduction of extent of influence by provision of services by the organization;
3) safety-of-life function:
permanent monitoring of performance indicators of safety-of-life function for acceptance of timely measures in case of detection of variations;
4) assistance to process of safety-of-life function.
17. Within SUBP persons dealing with safety issues of flights in all organization of the operator, including, the first heads who are responsible for aviation safety are determined.
18. The operator within SUBP enters the acceptable level of aviation safety which reflects the goals of authorized body achieved by the operator in the field of safety-of-life function.
19. The operator of AF with the maximum certified take-off mass more than 27000 kg adopts and carries out the program of the analysis of flight data as constituent of its SUBP.
20. The program of the analysis of flight data includes proper guarantees of protection of source (sources) of such data according to addition 3 of Appendix 19 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation Organization (further Conventions ICAO).
21. Within the SUBP the operator creates the system of documentation on aviation safety intended for management and use by personnel.
22. The crew member is not allowed to flight execution if:
1) it is under the influence of psychoactive agents (alcohol, narcotic or medicinal substances) which can influence flight safety control;
2) there did not undergo more than 12 hours after stay in conditions of sharp pressure variation - depressurization of AF, swimming with aqualung, diving on depth more than 10 m;
3) after blood donation as the donor there did not pass more than 24 hours;
4) he doubts capability to carry out the obligations;
5) he feels the strong fatigue or unavailability to flight creating threat to safe flight execution.
23. Crew members:
1) do not take alcohol less than in 12 hours prior to planned time of the beginning of fulfillment of duties, or during preflight rest;
2) are not allowed to accomplishment of the obligations in case of exceeding of admissible blood alcohol content;
3) do not take alcohol in flight or during watch in reserve.
24. Persons which are on AF as passengers are not allowed to violate the Rules of conduct onboard the air vehicle approved by the order of the Minister of investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of June 30, 2017 No. 416 (it is registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts No. 15443).
25. It is not allowed to persons which are on AF as passengers:
1) to create the situations menacing to safety of flight;
2) to threaten crew members;
3) to use services of cellular, trunking communication on all flight stages, radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices of household purpose at stages of taxing, climb, landing approach of the air vehicle, except for uses of cellular communication and radio-electronic means onboard the air vehicle in off-line mode "in flight".
26. In case of abuse of regulations of behavior onboard the air vehicle by persons which are onboard BC, KBC depending on threat level, takes necessary measures for ensuring safe completion of flight of AF according to article 57 of the Law.
27. The operator does not use the products of electronic navigation data processed for application on board and on the earth if did not implement the procedures providing compliance of the applied process and deliverable products to acceptable standards of integrity and compatibility of these products with the set function of the equipment which will use them.
Software products with electronic navigation data with delayed by effective period are not used onboard AF and on the earth.
The authorized organization provides constant control of the operator behind process and products of electronic navigation data.
28. The operator implements the procedures providing timely distribution and introduction of the continuous and invariable electronic navigation data for all AF to whom they are required.
29. According to Item 3.1.1 of Appendix 2 to the Convention ICAO the operator provides flight execution without safety hazard for AF and the people who are on its board.
30. According to Item 13.4.1 (Part I) the operator runs Applications 6 to the Convention ICAO the program of preparation for safety approved by authorized body guaranteeing undertaking by crew members of the most correct actions directed to prevention of acts of diversions or other forms of illegal intervention or minimizing of their effects.
31. The operator provides that in transit passengers the emergency environment or failures of systems, the equipment and devices were not imitated.
32. Imitation of emergency environment and refusals (defects) is allowed only in case of accomplishment of training flight according to flight plan.
33. The operator provides convenient access to all information concerning search and rescue in cabin of flight crew.
34. The operator provides availability of the list of information on the onboard emergency equipment which is available onboard AF for immediate transfer to the search and rescue coordination centers.
35. Information includes quantity, type and color of inflatable liferafts, vests and pyrotechnics, detailed information about the medical equipment, stock availability of water and food, and also types and frequencies of the portable emergency radio equipment.
36. The operator does not operate AF in the absence of life jackets by quantity being onboard people if the maneuver trajectory in case of take off and landing passes over water space or en route flight will take place over surface of the water at the distance from coastal line exceeding extreme flying range in the planning mode, or flight will take place over water space on distance more than 93 km (50 m of miles) from coastal line.
37. The operator does not operate AF without additional equipment by liferafts according to the number of the passengers who are onboard if flight takes place over surface of the water along the routes causing removal of the airplane from the surface suitable for making of forced landing:
1) for airplanes with the maximum seating capacity more than 30 - over 740 km (400 m of miles) or 120 minutes of flight on cruising speed;
2) for other airplanes - over 185 km (100 m of miles) or 30 minutes of flight on cruising speed.
In both cases into consideration it is taken smaller of possible values.
38. The number of liferafts is determined proceeding from seating capacity and the normative capacity of the used rafts plus one reserve liferaft of the maximum capacity.
39. According to Article 35 of Konvetion of ICAO the operator is allowed to make the international airborne transportations of military forming, arms and military equipment, and also products of dual purpose on the territory or over the territory of foreign state, only after approval of authorized body in the field of civil aviation and the state in which airspace flight will be performed.
The international flight of the operator of the civil air vehicle for transportation of military forming, arms and military equipment of foreign states, and also products of dual purpose is not allowed without approval of authorized body in the field of civil aviation. The authorized body in turn performs approval of such transportations of the body performing foreign policy activities within its competence.
40. The operator in transit of arms and military equipment provides:
1) placement onboard AF in special transport cover or other packaging in the place, unavailable to passengers in flight time;
2) shipment of firearms in the discharged condition, except cases when prior to flight by the states in which airspace flight will be performed permission to airborne transportation of the charged arms was issued.
41. The operator provides that KVS was notified prior to flight on permission of the specified transportation and location onboard AF of the military forming and (or) military equipment which are subject to airborne transportation.
42. The operator will organize receipt of information on any weapon accepted for airborne transportation.
The operator who accepted weapon for shipment provides its placement:
1) in the discharged condition in the special locked and sealed metal boxes placed in the luggage sections isolated from passenger cabs;
2) on AF, not having isolated luggage sections - in packaging, regular covers or containers in the place unavailable to passengers in flight time.
43. Ammunition for weapon and weapon is transported according to provisions of the Aviation safety programme of civil aviation of the Republic of Kazakhstan (further - the RK GA AB Program) approved according to the subitem 44) of article 13 of the Law.
Transportation of ammunition is not allowed to gas weapon on passenger AF.
44. The operator does not accept for shipment by air dangerous goods if its aeronautical personnel had no special training, and loads were not appropriately classified, documented, certified, described, packed, marked, sealed and brought to the state meeting the requirements of Rules of transportation of dangerous goods by air on the civil air vehicles (further - Rules of transportation of dangerous goods by air on GVS) approved by the order of the Minister of investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of June 21, 2017 No. 371 (it is registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts No. 15370).
45. The dangerous goods intended for transportation by civil AF is specified in Technical instructions on safe transportation of dangerous goods by air (Doc of 9284 ICAO).
The admission of operators to transportation of dangerous goods is performed according to provisions of paragraph 5 of Chapter 19 of these rules.
46. The operator establishes procedures of transportation of persons with limited mobility.
47. The operator provides that persons with limited mobility were not at those places where their presence:
Interferes 1) with execution of service duties by crew members;
2) limits access to the emergency equipment;
3) interferes with emergency escape of the airplane.
48. KVS is warned that onboard there are persons with limited mobility.
49. The operator establishes procedures of transportation of infectious and dangerous patients, the deported persons or persons who are in custody for the purpose of safety control of flight of AF and his passengers.
50. KVS is warned that onboard AF persons specified in Item 49 of these rules will be transported.
51. The operator develops procedures of accommodation of passengers in case of which bystry and safe emergency escape of AF is provided.
52. The operator provides:
1) finishing to passengers of oral information concerning safety regulations which in parts or in full is submitted in the form of audio or video;
2) each passenger cards for passengers with information on the emergency procedure which in the short illustrated form contain instructions for use of the emergency equipment, methods of opening of emergency accesses and procedure for emergency escape of the airplane by passengers.
53. Before take-off information happens to passengers:
1) about prohibition concerning smoking;
2) about reduction of chairs in initial position, fixing of folding little tables and opening of shutters of illuminators;
3) about arrangement of emergency accesses;
4) about arrangement and use of means of emergency escape of AF (ropes, inflatable ladders and so on);
5) about rules of placement of cabin baggage;
6) about restrictions on use of personal electronic equipment;
7) about arrangement and content of cards for passengers with information on the emergency procedure;
8) about use of seat belts.
54. Are shown to passengers:
1) procedure for use of safety belts and if is onboard, shoulder straps, how it is correct to clasp them and to undo;
2) arrangement and rules of use of the oxygen equipment;
3) arrangement and procedure for use of life jackets, if necessary.
4) arrangement of emergency accesses;
5) about means of specifying and illumination of emergency accesses and approaches to them in case of smoke;
6) arrangement of cards for passengers with information on the emergency procedure.
55. After take-off to passengers it is as required reminded:
1) about prohibition concerning smoking;
2) about procedure for use of safety belts.
56. Before landing to passengers it is reminded:
1) about prohibition concerning smoking;
2) about procedure for use of safety belts;
3) about reduction of chairs in initial position, fixing of folding little tables and opening of shutters of illuminators;
4) about placement and fixing of cabin baggage;
5) about restrictions of use of personal electronic equipment.
57. After landing to passengers it is reminded:
1) about prohibition concerning smoking;
2) about need of use of safety belts to full stop of AF;
3) about procedure for exit from AF.
58. In case of special situation in flight, depending on specific circumstances, passengers are informed on its possible reasons and respectively instructed how to be effective in the circumstances.
59. The operator establishes procedures which provide possibility of transportation by passengers of cabin baggage in quantity which conveniently and safely is placed in passenger cab.
60. The operator, develops the procedures of placement and fixture of baggage and load guaranteeing that all baggage and load onboard AF who can become the reason of wound of people or damages of AF or to block passes and emergency accesses in case of shift, will be placed in the places which are structurally interfering its movement and ensuring its safety.
61. The operator develops RPP and provides with the corresponding parts of RPP the aeronautical personnel occupied in production of flights. Requirements of RPP are obligatory for accomplishment by all personnel of the operator, regarding it concerning.
62. Content of RPP is given in Certified requirements to operators of the civil air vehicles (further - certified requirements to operators of GVS) approved by the order of the acting minister on investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 24, 2015 No. 153 (it is registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts No. 11459), and also in Rules of the admission to flights of the operators of general aviation (further - Rules of the admission to flights of operators of general aviation) approved by the order of the Minister of investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 30, 2015 No. 1023 (it is registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts No. 12804).
63. RPP changes as required or reviewed for the purpose of updating of information containing in it. In each case when changes are made or review is made, about it it is reported to all personnel which should use this management.
64. According to Item 6.1.3 of Appendix 6 to the Convention ICAO (Part I) accomplishment of commercial air transportations in case of failure of any device, equipment or system is allowed based on MEL which allows KVS to determine possibility of the beginning or continuation of flight.
In that case when the Republic of Kazakhstan is not State of Registry, the authorized organization takes measures to that MEL did not exert impact on compliance of AF to the airworthiness standards applied in State of Registry.
65. For AF of production of the Commonwealth countries of the independent states (further - the CIS) in case of accomplishment of flights on internal airlines as the basis for flight execution with the failed devices, the equipment or system provisions RLE can serve.
66. MEL intended for determination of possibility of operation of AF with idle devices, the equipment or systems within the controlled and reasonable program of carrying out repair work and replacement of the equipment is constituted by the operator for each AF based on MMEL.
For AF of production of the CIS countries, or AF who were earlier operated in the CIS countries in case of accomplishment of flights on the international airlines of MEL is constituted based on requirements of RLE.
67. The operator after exit of changes in MMEL concerning the operated AF type makes corresponding changes to MEL and approves them in authorized organization.
68. MMEL applied to development of MEL is published by the holder of the certificate of the AF type and affirms authorized body of the state - AF developer.
69. MEL joins in RPP of the operator and contains:
1) the preface containing rules of application of MEL by technicians and flight crews;
2) determinations and explanations of the applied terms;
3) establishments of the time interval necessary for elimination of incapacitation of the devices, the equipment and systems warning and the notifying signals (B, C and D);
4) the list of the devices which are indications of recovery out of operation, the equipment and systems warning and the notifying signals;
5) the list of devices, the equipment and systems in case of which incapacitation operation of AF with indication of for each AF is allowed:
the number of the established devices on AF and quantity required for flight execution;
admissible renewal period of operability of the failed device, the equipment or system;
need of marking of the device, equipment and system for flight deck of AF and (or) passenger cabin;
required supplementary procedures of technical training of AF to flights if those are required;
required supplementary procedures of flight operation of AF if those are required;
conditions of application of this Item, including the predicted flight conditions under which it is not allowed to begin it with the failed device.
70. In case of approval of MEL it is considered:
1) in-service experience of the AF this type;
2) in-service experience operator of the AF similar types;
3) qualification and training of members of flight crews of AF of the operator.
The crew of AF, in case of incapacitation several the equipment specified in MEL components, according to the procedures established by the operator in RPP before mission initiation is convinced of lack of the interrelations between idle components giving to decrease in level of safety below of tolerance limits or to excessive increase in load of flight crew.
71. In case of determination of possibility of ensuring acceptable level of safety the operator considers probability of additional failures of devices, the equipment or the AF systems in case of continuation of operation with idle systems or the equipment.
72. In case of the admission of AF to flight in case of incapacitation of any systems or the equipment, the mechanical personnel making its preparation for departure in the flight technical journal AF (further - the flight log) enters data on the failed devices, systems or the equipment and the performed procedures of flight training with them, and also if necessary marking of the failed devices is made.
73. The final decision on flight execution in case of incapacitation of any systems or the equipment, accepts KVS.
74. In case of detection of incapacitation of any systems or the equipment after closing of doors of AF for the purpose of flight execution of KVS will organize performing procedures, the ordered RLE, and makes the decision on the termination or continuation of flight execution based on requirements of MEL and RLE and addresses mechanical personnel.
75. The reference information in RPP based on MEL allows KVS to make the decision on the termination, flight continuation, and at stage from closing of doors of AF for the purpose of flight execution prior to running start.
76. The operator provides that repair of the failed any devices, systems or the equipment was carried out in terms the provided MEL. Reusage of the Item MEL in case of identification of incapacitation of any device, system or the equipment in the maiden four flights after repair is allowed only for return of AF on the depot aerodrome or airfield having the organization for technical tinning and repair of AF.
77. The operator performing flights using MEL develops and includes relevant provisions in programs of training of members of flight crew of AF.
78. The operator takes measures to that all personnel which are engaged in production of flights were correctly instructed concerning the specific obligations and responsibility, and also concerning communication of such obligations with production of flights in general.
79. The operator publishes operating manuals and provides information on flight technical characteristics (further - LTH) AF in case of climb with all running engines allowing KVS to determine value of gradient of climb which can be reached at departure stage taking into account the available takeoff conditions and expected method of its accomplishment. Such information joins in RPP.
80. Check lists, are applied by flight crews to, in time and after all flight stages, and also in emergency environment to provide observance of the operational rules containing in RLE or other documents connected with the certificate of airworthiness and also in other parts of RPP. In case of development and use of check lists aspects of human factor are considered.
81. The operator provides service personnel and flight crew of each type of the operated AF of RLE which contains the procedures connected with operation of AF in regular, emergency and emergency situations. RLE contain the detailed information about the AF systems and the check lists which are subject to use.
In case of development of RLE aspects of human factor are considered.
1) certificate on state registration of AF;
2) the verified copy of the certificate on accomplishment of aerial works (the certificate on the right of accomplishment of flights) and copies of the operational specifications relating to the AF this type, except as specified accomplishment of flights on extralight and easy AF for the purpose of AON;
3) airworthiness certificate (certificate of airworthiness) of AF;
4) the flight log (availability is optional to extralight AF), RLE (for easy and extralight AF availability of necessary Sections from RLE is allowed);
5) the sanitary magazine (for AF, carrying out airborne transportations);
6) permission to onboard radio stations if AF it is equipped with the radio equipment (availability is optional to extralight AF);
7) the certificate on noise on the area (if necessary), in case of the international flights in addition - transfer into English if the document is constituted in other language;
8) certificates (certificates) and medical certificates of crew members of AF;
9) the list of persons which are onboard AF signed by KVS or the member of flight crew and including:
surname, name, middle name (in the presence) person transported on AF;
date, time and port of departures and assignments;
10) if onboard AF there is no owner, that KVS has the power of attorney in any form authorizing it to manage AF on behalf of the owner of AF, or, in case of accomplishment of the flights on AF included in task for flight.
83. Onboard AF in case of flight execution for the purpose of commercial air transportations, and also for flights of AON by airplanes with the maximum certified take-off mass over 5700 kg and (or) the airplanes equipped with one or several turbo-jet engines and helicopters with the maximum certified take-off mass over 3180 kg, there are following ship's papers:
1) certificate on state registration of AF;
2) the copy of the air operator certificate certified by authorized organization (certificates on the right of accomplishment of flights (the operator of AON) and the copy of the operational specifications relating to this AF in that case when the certificate (certificate) and the related operational specifications are constituted by the state of the operator not in English, English translation is applied;
3) the airworthiness certificate of AF if the certificate is constituted by the state of the operator not in English, is attached English translation (original);
4) the certificate on noise on the area (if necessary), in case of the international flights in addition - transfer into English if the document is constituted in other language;
5) permission to onboard radio stations if AF it is equipped with the radio equipment (original);
6) the copies of insurance policies of obligatory types of insurance provided by requirements of the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan about obligatory types of insurance;
7) the sanitary magazine, in case of the international flights in addition - the certificate on disinsection or release from it;
8) the flight log, (for AF of foreign production availability onboard AF of the flight log in English is allowed);
9) copies, the operating parts of RPP which treat production of flights;
10) RLE (availability is optional to extralight AF) or other equivalent document containing information on LTH, or any other information necessary for operation of the airplane according to the certificate of airworthiness if these data are absent in RPP. Availability onboard AF of flight management of foreign production in English is allowed;
11) the task for flight containing information in volume of requirements of the operator or the equivalent document;
12) flight plan;
13) working flight plan (navigation calculation);
14) cards, specified and convenient for use, which include route of the planned flight and any route which, perhaps, should be used in case of variation from the main route;
15) procedures and information on the visual signals used in case of interception of AF;
16) information for crew on service of search and rescue for areas through which flight is carried out;
17) MEL (if it is provided);
18) reference aeronautical information (NOTAM or AIS);
19) meteorological data;
20) documents on the weight and lining (are part of RPP of the operator);
21) general declaration, passenger manifest (manifesto) (if necessary);
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