of August 16, 1993 No. 551
About the concept of development of communication in the Republic of Belarus
For the purpose of acceleration of development of communication in the republic, enhancement of management of industry in the conditions of market economy the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:
1. Approve the concept of development of communication in the Republic of Belarus provided by the Ministry of Communications and Informatics together with Gosekonomplan and considered by the interested ministries, departments, regional executive committees and the Minsk Gorispolkom it (is applied).
To the Ministry of Communications and Informatics together with Gosekonomplan, the State committee on the industry and cross-industry productions, the Ministry of Finance, other ministries and departments to take measures for realization of provisions of this concept, on its basis to develop and in IY quarter 1993 to submit in Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus for approval the republican development program of means of communication till 2000.
2. For implementation of the concept of development of communication it is wider to Ministry of Communications and Informatics, State committee on the industry and cross-industry productions to use the scientific and industrial capacity of the republic.
First Deputy Chairman
Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus
First deputy Upravlyayushchego
Cases of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus
Approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of August 16, 1993 No. 551
Communication is one of the main components of infrastructure of any state, provides transfer and distribution of information necessary for normal activities of all spheres of society.
The concept of development of communication shall become basis for development of the appropriate republican program.
SHORT ANALYSIS OF THE CONDITION OF COMMUNICATION
The level of development of networks and means of communication considerably lags behind modern requirements. In comparison with them in the advanced countries it is impossible to recognize amount, the nomenclature and quality of the provided services in the republic satisfactory. Only in the cities and 21,3 of percent them in the rural zone phones have 53,4 of percent of families. The network of radio telephone communication public, data communication network with package switching and e-mail are insufficiently developed. Information transmission rate is limited, access to its many sources located outside the republic is complicated. There are no modern telematic services / teletex, videotex and other/, digital network with integration of services.
The international telephone communication not fully satisfies the increased needs for its services. Putting into operation in 1992 of the first priority of republican international toll exchange in reservoir of 200 channels and the organization of direct lines to Poland, Great Britain, Germany, Canada and some other the states of Eastern Europe in the conditions of bystry development of foreign economic relations was not removed by jokes of this problem.
Development of networks of television and broadcasting does not meet the modern requirements. Only 71 percent of the population have opportunity to accept three and 34 percent - four TV schedules. The satellite system of television broadcasting and cable television network are insufficiently developed. Development of the perspective range of high-quality stereophonic broadcasting/100-108 MHz / is begun.
Lagging in telecommunication development in many respects is explained by the low level of its hardware. On local exchange networks only 8 percent of general switching reservoir have the modern electronic equipment with program control. Extent of the long-distance digital links providing the high speed and transmission quality of information constitutes percent 9,7, and fiber-optic communication links - only percent 1,5.
It is a lot of serious difficulties and in system of mail service. At many nodal companies and exchange points there are no sufficient floor spaces, about 300 postal departments are located in unadapted rooms. Rates for services of this type of communication do not correspond to costs that results in unprofitability of most the companies, does not allow to equip them with modern technical means.
In the republic there are practically no organizational structures of management of radio-frequency resource.
MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATION
The Republic of Belarus pursues independent policy in the field of communication development, approving the questions of general-system nature and questions which are of mutual interest with the states of the CIS and the international organizations.
The main directions of state policy in this area are:
creation on the basis of modern technologies of the reliable communication system which is the most full satisfying the needs for its services;
ensuring consecutive integration of communication system of the Republic of Belarus into world information space;
forming of scientific and potential production of the republic for carrying out researches, developments and productions different technical and software of communication, information technologies for own needs and delivery to export, recognition of priority of this potential;
realization of complex system of the state support of development of communication, preserving monopoly of the state for main types of its services.
For determination of scientific and technical policy in the field of communication and network infrastructure of informatization the interdepartmental coordination council with participation of representatives of the interested ministries and departments is created.
For the purpose of control of observance of technical requirements and standards on radio communications, determinations and carrying out single policy in the field of planning, use of radio-frequency resource and ensuring electromagnetic compatibility of radio-electronic means state commission on radio-frequency resource is formed.
According to the commonly accepted international practice reflected in the Green book on policy in the field of development of the European means of communication of 1987 the reorganization of management structure communication directed to separation of functions of state regulation and productive activity and creation legally independent and hozyaystvenno independent structures on electric and mail service is provided.
For the purpose of ensuring effective state control behind means of communication and necessary technical and financial conditions for their systematic development for the benefit of all structures of society it is required to save at this stage the state monopoly for the following core activities in the field of communication:
operation of primary networks of telecommunication and provision of services of the international and intercity telephone, telegraph and telex telecommunication;
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