of June 26, 2018 No. 26
About some questions of application of the legislation on the transportation agreement road transport of freights, passengers and baggage and about the freight forwarding agreement
For the purpose of ensuring unity of practice of application by courts of the legislation connected with the transportation agreement road transport of freights, passengers and baggage and with the freight forwarding agreement, the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation, being guided by article 126 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, articles 2 and 5 of the Federal constitutional Law of February 5, 2014 No. 3-FKZ "About the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation", decides to make the following explanations.
1. The transportation agreement of the passenger is agreement under which the carrier shall transport the passenger in destination, and in case of delivery by the passenger of baggage also to deliver baggage in destination and to issue to his person authorized on receipt of baggage; the passenger shall pay the established fare, and in case of checking in - and for conveyance (Item 1 of Article 786 of the Civil code of the Russian Federation, further - the Civil Code of the Russian Federation).
2. The relations on transportation by road transport of passengers and baggage are regulated, in particular, by regulations of Chapter 40 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, Federal Law of November 8, 2007 No. 259-FZ "Charter of road transport and urban land electric transportation" (further - the Charter), the Rules of transportations of passengers and baggage by road transport and urban land electric transportation approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of February 14, 2009 No. 112 (further - Rules of transportations of passengers).
In the part which is not settled by special laws on the relations arising from the transportation agreement of passengers and baggage, and also the transportation agreement of freight or the freight forwarding agreement concluded by the citizen only for the personal, family, house, domestic and other needs which are not connected with business and other economic activity the Law of the Russian Federation of February 7, 1992 No. 2300-1 "On consumer protection" expatiates (further - the Marine life protection act of the rights of consumers) (part 4 of article 1 of the Charter).
3. On the legal entities and individual entrepreneurs transporting based on transportation agreements of freights, passengers and baggage, and also movement of persons, except the driver, being in the vehicle (on it), and (or) material objects without the conclusion of the specified agreements (transportation for own needs), the obligations provided for persons operating vehicles expatiate (for example, article 20 of the Federal Law of December 10, 1995 No. 196-FZ "On traffic safety").
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