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LAW OF THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

of May 24, 2018 No. 54

About Civil protection

(as amended on 27-03-2023)

Accepted by Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic on April 19, 2018

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Law

This Law regulates the legal relationship arising in the field of Civil protection of the population and the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic in emergency situations in peace and wartime.

All citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic, foreign citizens and stateless persons which are in the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic irrespective of stay time are subject to protection against emergency situations.

Article 2. Basic concepts

For the purposes of this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) Civil protection - component of system of nation-wide actions for preparation for protection and on protection of the population, material and cultural values and the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic from emergency situations in peace and wartime;

2) the state system of Civil protection - nation-wide system which elements are governing bodies, forces and means of state bodies, local government bodies, public associations and voluntary organizations of the Kyrgyz Republic, performing functions on protection of the population and the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic in emergency situations in peace and wartime. The state system of Civil protection includes the National platform of the Kyrgyz Republic on disaster risk reduction;

3) the National platform of the Kyrgyz Republic on disaster risk reduction - the national mechanism of coordination and strategic management in the field of disaster risk reduction which have diversified and cross-disciplinary character, with participation of all concerned parties, including government institutions, private sector and civil society;

4) emergency situation - the situation which developed in certain territory as a result of the dangerous natural or technogenic phenomenon, accident, catastrophic crash, natural or other disaster, impact of modern weapons of destruction which can entail or the human victims, damage to health of people or the environment entailed, considerable material losses and violation of conditions of life activity of people;

5) threat from emergency situation - situation in case of which danger to the population, its property and other types of property and the surrounding environment is created;

6) zone of emergency situation - the territory in which there was emergency situation;

7) source of emergency situation - dangerous technogenic incident, accident, catastrophic crash, natural hazard, natural disaster, widespread infectious disease of people, farm animals and plants therefore there occurred or can be emergency situation;

8) injured in emergency situation:

- the person who died and/or received the harm for health which lost fully or partially personal property, and also conditions of life activity of which worsened as a result of emergency situation;

- the legal entity to whom the damage (losses) as a result of emergency situation is caused;

9) first-priority life support of the population in zone of emergency situation - timely satisfaction of first-priority needs of the population for water, food, necessities, medical services and means, household services, housing, transport and information support;

10) safety in emergency and crisis situations - condition of security of the population, the territories, objects and infrastructure of the country from the threats resulting from impact of emergency situation in peace and the wartime providing first-priority life support of the population taking into account gender and demographic requirements, functioning of objects and infrastructure;

11) the prevention of emergency situations - complex beforehand the held events directed to the greatest possible reduction of risk of emergence of emergency situations, preserving life and human health, decrease in the extent of damage in case of their origin;

12) special preventive and liquidating events - the organization and holding the warning actions, liquidation of possible emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature, rapid response and carrying out emergency and recovery and other urgent works;

13) liquidation of emergency situations - localization and cancellation of the factors which caused the emergency situations, rescue and other urgent works which are carried out in case of emergency situations and directed to rescuing of life, preserving human health, decrease in the extent of damage;

14) mitigation of consequences of emergency situations - the events held on recovery of engineering infrastructure, housing, environment, rendering the social and rehabilitation help to the population, indemnification (damage) caused to physical persons and legal entities owing to emergency situations. Mitigation of consequences of emergency situations provides short-term, medium-term and long-term renewal periods;

15) rescue and other urgent works - the first-priority works in zone of emergency situations directed to rescuing and assistance to people, localization and suppression of the centers of the striking impacts, prevention of emergence of the secondary striking factors, protection and rescuing of material and cultural values;

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