of May 24, 1990 No. 202-XII
Language is one of the determining factors of national identity of the people. to the integral signs of the nation. Turkmen yazykyazyk the primordial population and the vast majority of citizens of the Turkmen SSR, one of the classic Turkic languages in which outstanding cultural values, written monuments are created.
All questions connected with ensuring development, use and protection of Turkmen enter competence of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. For the purpose of assistance to all-round development of spiritual creativity of the Turkmen people, guaranteeing its sovereign and state future this Law assigns to Turkmen the status of state language in all territory of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Giving to Turkmen of the status state creates basis for protection and all-round development of Turkmen and literature.
The law of the Turkmen SSR on language corresponds to Law USSR provisions "About languages of the people of the USSR".
Russian is recognized official language of the USSR and is used as means of international communication.
This law provides legal guarantees of free development and use Turkmen as state language of the Turkmen SSR, Russian as means of international communication, and also languages of other people living in the territory of the republic.
The law on languages does not regulate application of languages in life, about interpersonal communication, in the organizations and the organizations Armed Hoarsed, and also during the implementing of religious activities and departure of religious practices.
Article 1. State language of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is Turkmen.
The Turkmen SSR performs the state protection of Turkmen and shows care of its every possible development and active application in state bodies and public organizations, in economy, national education, culture, the equipment, about services industries, mass information and other spheres of public life.
Fixing to Turkmen of the status of state language does not violate constitutional rights of citizens of other nationalities Living in the Turkmen SSR to use language of the nationality.
Article 2. Languages international communication in the Turkmen SSR are the state and Russian languages.
Article 3. The Turkmen SSR creates conditions for free use and development of languages of the people living in the territory of the republic. The Turkmen SSR provides to the citizens studying of state language, shows care of development of the national-Russian and Russian-national bilingualism and multilingualism.
The Turkmen SSR renders assistance in satisfaction of the spiritual, cultural and language needs the Turkmen living outside the republic.
Article 4. In Turkmen SSR each citizen has the right to file on all questions petitions and claims in state governing bodies, the public and public institutions and the organizations, courts, prosecutor's office and to receive on them the answer in other language, state or acceptable for both parties.
Article 5. Employees of state governing bodies, public organizations, and also Law enforcement agencies, healthcare institutions and national education, culture, trade and service industry, transport, social security, housing and communal services which as obliges should communicate with citizens of various nationalities systematically. shall know state and Russian languages in the amount necessary for accomplishment of the professional obligations.
In areas of compact accommodation of national groups these workers shall own in the same amount and the native language of local population.
Article becomes effective till January 1, 1996.
The list of such professions, as well as amount of knowledge of language for each employee group is determined according to the procedure, approved by Council of Ministers of the Turkmen SSR.
The Council of Ministers of TSSR represents offers till January 1, 1991.
Article 6. In the Turkmen SSR in state governing bodies, in public organizations the clerical work is performed in state language. Acts of state governing bodies are adopted in state language and published in the state and Russian languages,
Congresses, sessions, conferences, plenums, meetings, meetings, meetings are held in state language. The translation into Russian or as far as possible on other language is provided to persons who are not knowing state language. Speakers have the right to choose language for performance. Documents and solutions of these action are drawn up in state language.
The working language of the international, all-Union and interrepublican actions held in the Turkmen SSR, and also question of transfer determines their organizing committee.
Local authorities of the government and management, public organizations with the majority of the population of other nationality can use along with state language and the native language.
Article becomes effective till July 1, 1999.
Article 7. At the companies, in the organizations and the organizations located in the territory of the Turkmen SSR, the clerical work is conducted in state language.
At the companies, in organizations and the organizations where most of workers does not know state language, the clerical work is conducted in the Russian or other language which is majority language. Material and other conditions for studying of Turkmen and the gradual translation of clerical work into state language are at the same time created.
Article becomes effective till January 1, 1998.
Article 8. Accounting and statistical and financial documentation at the companies, in organizations and the organizations, in the ministries, republican departments and public organizations of the Turkmen SSR and bodies of their system is kept in the state and Russian languages, and reporting in the financial records intended for departure out of republic limits are conducted in Russian.
Article 9. In case of communication of state governing bodies, companies, organizations and organizations of the Turkmen SSR with bodies of USSR Russian is used, in case of correspondence with other republics the language acceptable for the parties is applied.
In case of the intercourse of the Turkmen SSR with foreign states the language acceptable for the parties is applied.
Article 10. Officials of the companies, organizations and organizations of the Turkmen SSR shall know state language in the amount sufficient for accomplishment of office functions. These persons respond to statements and claims of citizens on state, Russian or in other language, acceptable for the parties.
Article becomes effective till July 1, 1995.
Article 11. Official documents are issued to citizens by state governing bodies, organizations, the companies and the organizations of the Turkmen SSR on state or Russian, or in both languages.
The official documents issued to citizens at their place of residence the works confirming their membership in public organizations testimonial of acts of civil status, etc. are filled in in the state and Russian languages.
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