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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan

 On February 26, 2018 No. 36

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of February 21, 2018 No. 1506

About grain and products of its conversion

(as amended of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan of 25.06.2021 No. 1790)

Accepted by the Resolution MH MOPT of December 13, 2017, No. 969

Approved by the Resolution MM MORT of February 16, 2018, No. 505

This Law determines legal, organizational and economic basis of turnover of grain and products of its conversion, the quality requirement of grain and procurement of food, and also forege and seed grain in the Republic of Tajikistan.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

- grain - fruits of the cereal, leguminous and oil-bearing crops classified according to standards and technical regulations of the Republic of Tajikistan;

- turnover of grain and products of its conversion - activities for production, processing, storage, conversion and realization, import, export, and also for use of the utilized grain and products of its conversion;

- quality of grain (product quality of conversion of grain) - set of consumer properties of grain (grain conversion products) conforming to requirements of standards, technical regulations and other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan concerning quality of grain and products of its conversion;

- grain production - the activities of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs, including Dehkan (farmer) farms connected with crops, cultivation, collection and transportation of grain for further conversion;

- grain conversion products - flour, grain, grain and pasta, fodder and other products of conversion of grain;

- flour - the foodstuff received as a result of crunching of grains of cereal and leguminous cultures;

- grain - the foodstuff consisting of whole and (or) kibbled grains of cereal and leguminous cultures;

- grain storage - the engineering procedure of conditioning for grain safety promoting preserving its consumer properties;

- grain handling - cleaning, drying and (or) disinfecting, and also removal of the impurity having low food properties for the purpose of safety of grain and improvement of its consumer properties;

- grain disinfecting - chemical, radiative or physical impact on grain for the purpose of extermination of wreckers and microorganisms, including quarantine objects;

- the technical regulation - the regulatory legal act establishing requirements, obligatory for observance, developed in connection with safety of products, conversion process, production, use, storage, transportation, realization, conversion of its waste, accomplishment work, rendering services;

- technical documentation - documents (technical requirements, technology instructions, instructions) according to which production, storage, transportation and realization of grain and products of its conversion are performed;

- the quality certificate of grain (the certificate of products of grain handling) - the document confirming quality and safety of grain and products of its conversion, issued according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan;

- the state inventories of grain - the target inventories consisting of bread grain, fodder, seeds, grain for realization and stabilization of the market of grain;

- use of the utilized grain or products of its conversion - use of grain or the products of its conversion which are not conforming to requirements of the standards and technical regulations of the Republic of Tajikistan different from target purpose of grain or products of its conversion.

- it is excluded

Article 2. Grain grading

1. Grain, depending on the assignment, consists from food (used for the food purposes), seed (used in the sowing purposes) types, and also depending on high-quality and sowing qualities, from fodder (intended for forage of animals and birds) grains.

2 Grain grading is performed on the basis of set of biological and technology indicators according to standards and technical regulations concerning grain and products of its conversion.

Article 3. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on grain and products of its conversion

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on grain and products of its conversion is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan and the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 4. Purpose and tasks of this Law

Tasks of this Law are:

- reduction of dependence of consumers on the foreign market of grain, achievement of balance of the necessary and actual production rates of grain;

- establishment of the legal basis of system of the state control of turnover of grain and products of its conversion for the purpose of creating favorable conditions for business entities;

- assistance of commercialization, activities of turnover of grain and products of its conversion, market development of grain and forming of the competitive circle;

- establishment of procedure quantitative and qualitative, accounting of grain and products of its conversion;

- assistance of optimization of production structure of grain to climatic conditions and market situation, enhancement of the production technology, storage and realization of grain and products of its conversion.

Article 5. The business entities performing turnover of grain and products of its conversion

Treat business entities who turnover of grain and products of its conversion:

- make grain and products of its conversion;

- perform storage of grain and products of its conversion;

- are engaged in realization of grain and products of its conversion;

- perform import and export of grain and products of its conversion.

Article 6. The basic principles of the organization of activities in the field of turnover of grain and products of its conversion

Turnover of grain and products of its conversion is based on the following principles:

- security of interests of citizens and environmental protection;

- efficiency and free competition in case of production of grain and products of its conversion;

- accounting and the reporting in case of production of grain and products of its conversion;

- use of modern production technologies of grain and products of its conversion;

- information transparency concerning turnover of grain and products of its conversion;

- forecasting and planning in case of after production of grain and products of its conversion;

- ensuring compliance with standards and technical regulations, requirements for labor safety and environmental protections.

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