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of April 17, 1991 No. 962-XII

About Recovery of victims of repressions of communist totalitarian regime of 1917-1991

(as amended on 10-04-2023)

The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on behalf of the Ukrainian people - citizens of Ukraine of all nationalities,

feeling deep sympathy for the victims of repressions of communist totalitarian regime of 1917-1991, members of their families and relatives,

being guided by provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, the Convention on human rights protection and fundamental freedoms of 1950 and in view of resolutions of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe No. 1096 (1996) on liquidation of heritage of the former communist totalitarian regime, No. 1481 (2006) of January 26, 2006 about need of the international condemnation of crimes of totalitarian communist regime,

considering that in 1917-1991 communist totalitarian regime and its repressive bodies performed policy of the state terror therefore millions of people underwent to repressions for political, social, class, national, religious and other motives, lives, freedoms, property were deprived, deported, banished, sent on the special settlement out of limits of Ukraine and the USSR, compulsorily moved, evicted, involved in forced labor in the conditions of restriction of freedom, compulsorily repatriated and interned, deprived of nationality, compulsorily placed in mental health facilities, deprived or otherwise limited in the civil laws and freedoms, underwent to tortures, prosecutions concerning themselves and members of the family, to other physical or moral sufferings,

in view of condemnation by the Law of Ukraine "About condemnation communistic and national socialist (Nazi) the totalitarian modes in Ukraine also you will lock promotion of their symbolics" communist totalitarian regime and recognition its criminal,

condemning repressions which were performed by communist totalitarian regime and its repressive bodies during 1917-1991 in the territory of Ukraine, and refusing method of the state terror in government, adopts this law.

Article 1. The purpose of this Law is recovery of historical justice, establishment of procedure for rehabilitation of the repressed persons and persons who suffered from repressions of communist totalitarian regime of 1917-1991, recovery of their political, social, economic and other rights, determination of procedure for the indemnification caused to such persons owing to repressions of communist totalitarian regime of 1917-1991, non-admission of repeating of crimes of the totalitarian modes.

Article 1-1. In this Law the terms below are used in such value:

dispatch - forced eviction of person from the place of its dwelling with establishment of prohibition on accommodation in certain area or forced eviction or resettlement of person from the place of his residence to other area or out of limits of the USSR;

deportation - forced eviction of the people, ethnic, ethnoconfessional, social or other national groups from places of their permanent residence for political, class, social, religious, national motives;

the reference - forced movement of person from the place of its dwelling with the obligatory settlement in certain area, the special settlement, establishment of restriction for the right of movement and prohibition of departure from the place of the special settlement;

internment - forced detention, the conclusion, resettlement under supervision of repressive bodies of foreigners which during World War II were in the territory of the USSR;

other repressive bodies - the Supreme Court, the Supreme court of cassation, military courts, Main Intelligence Directorate (Intelligence service of the Headquarters of Workers' and Peasants' red army, the Fourth management of the headquarters of Workers' and Peasants' red army, Information statistical office of Workers' and Peasants' red army, Intelligence service of Workers' and Peasants' red army, the Fifth management of the National commissariat of defense, intelligence service of the General Staff of Red army, Main Intelligence Directorate of the National commissariat of defense, Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of Armed forces), Head department of labor camps, labor settlements and detention centers, the Main Court of the Autonomous Moldavian Socialist Soviet Republic, provincial courts, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of protection of public order, the Ministry of Justice, the Supreme court, national courts, National commissariat of justice, regional courts, district (district) courts, prosecutor's office of the Supreme Court, prosecutor's office (The Prosecutor General's Office, the State prosecutor's office), district (city) national courts, Management of counterintelligence of SMERSh, and also other repressive bodies or their territorial, functional, structural subdivisions, except bodies or structural divisions carried by this Law to extrajudicial bodies;


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