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ORDER OF THE MINISTER OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of June 23, 2017 No. 439

About approval of the technical regulation "General Requirements to Fire Safety"

(as amended of the Order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 28.06.2019 No. 598)

According to subitem 70-23) of Item 1 of article 12 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of April 11, 2014 "About civil protection" PRIKAZYVAYU:

1. Approve the enclosed Technical regulation "General Requirements to Fire Safety".

2. To provide to committee on emergency situations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan:

1) state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

2) within ten calendar days from the date of state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan the direction it the copy in the Republican state company on the right of economic maintaining "The republican center of legal information" of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan for placement in Reference control bank of regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

3) placement of this order on official Internet resource of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

4) within ten calendar days after state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan submission to Legal department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan of data on execution of the actions provided by subitems 1), 2) and 3) of this Item.

3. To impose control of execution of this order on the deputy minister of internal affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Ilyin Yu. V.

4. This order becomes effective after ten calendar days after day of its first official publication.

Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan police colonel general

K. Kasymov

It is approved

Minister of investments and development of the Republic of Kazakhstan

July 3, 2017

 

___________ Zh. Kasymbek

It is approved

Minister of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

July 18, 2017

 

___________ T. Suleymenov

 

Approved by the Order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan of June 23, 2017, No. 439

Technical regulation "General Requirements to Fire Safety"

Chapter 1. Scope

1. This Technical regulation "General Requirements to Fire Safety" (further - the Technical regulation) is developed according to the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan of April 11, 2014 "About civil protection", of November 9, 2004 "About technical regulation", of July 16, 2001 "About architectural, town-planning and construction activities in the Republic of Kazakhstan".

2. The technical regulation determines basic provisions of technical regulation in the field of fire safety and establishes:

1) classification of the fires and their dangerous factors, substances and materials, and also technology circles by fire and explosion and fire risk, explosive and fire hazardous zones, construction materials on fire risk, building constructions and fire-proof barriers, electric equipment, outside installations, buildings, constructions and rooms on fire and explosion and fire risk which is given in appendix 1 to this Technical regulation;

2) requirements of fire safety to subjects to managing of different function at all stages of their lifecycle, when designing residential and rural locations, designing and construction of buildings and constructions.

3. Provisions of this Technical regulation are obligatory for execution during the designing, construction, capital repairs, reconstruction of capital construction projects, modernization, change of functional purpose, maintenance, operation of objects, irrespective of appointment and patterns of ownership.

4. Concerning military objects, objects of conversion, storage radioactive and explosives and materials, subjects to destruction and storage of chemical weapon and blasting agents, land space objects and starting complexes, objects of excavations, the requirements of fire safety established by departmental regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be observed.

Chapter 2. Terms and determinations

5. In this Technical regulation the following terms and determinations are applied:

1) estimated time of evacuation of people - time interval from the moment of the notification of people about the fire until completion of evacuation of people from the building, construction in zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire in case of the set space-planning and constructive solutions of ways of evacuation;

2) emergency exit - exit (door, the hatch) conducting on the way of evacuation, directly outside or in zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire which is used as additional exit for rescue of people, but is not considered in case of assessment of conformity of necessary quantity and the sizes of evacuation ways and exits to conditions of safe evacuation of people in case of the fire;

2-1) automatic gas station - stationary gas station, technology system to which it is intended for filling of vehicles with liquid motor fuel and are characterized by underground arrangement of reservoirs and automated (without participation of the operator) leave of oil products through fuel-dispensing columns;

3) decay - flameless burning;

4) building height (for evacuation and rescuing) - difference of marks of level of planning mark of the earth and level of floor of upper floor (including mansard) apart from the upper technical floor (floors). Height of the building located on the parcels of land with bias is determined by difference of marks of the lower level of planning mark of the earth and level of floor of upper floor;

4-1) manufacturer - the legal entity registered according to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan or the physical person as the individual entrepreneur performing on its own behalf production or production and sales of products and responsible for their compliance to requirements of this technical regulation;

4-2) person authorized by the manufacturer - the legal entity registered according to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan or physical person as the individual entrepreneur which based on the agreement with the manufacturer, including the foreign manufacturer, is performed by actions on behalf of this manufacturer in case of assessment of conformity and issue of products in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan and also bear responsibility for discrepancy of products to requirements of this technical regulation;

5) temperature limits of distribution of flame (ignition) - substance temperatures at which its saturated steam forms in the oxidizing circle the concentration equal according to lower (the lower temperature limit) and upper (the upper temperature limit) to concentration limits of distribution of flame;

6) the normal speed of distribution of flame - the speed of movement of the flame front of rather not burned down gas in the direction, perpendicular to its surface;

7) the lower (upper) concentration limit of distribution of flame - the minimum (maximum) content of combustible substance in homogeneous mix with the oxidizing circle in case of which distribution of flame on mix on any distance from ignition source is possible;

8) ignition - the flame burning of substance initiated by source of ignition and continuing after its removal;

9) ignition - the beginning of burning under the influence of ignition source;

10) burning out speed - amount of the liquid which is burning down in unit of time from the unit area;

11) the combustible circle - the circle capable to ignite in case of impact of source of ignition;

12) combustibility - capability of substances and materials for ignition, independent burning and (or) decay;

12-1) importer - the legal entity registered according to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan or physical person as the individual entrepreneur which concluded with the foreign manufacturer (seller) the agreement in foreign trade on transfer of products perform release of these products in the address and (or) its realization in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan and bear responsibility for its compliance to requirements of this technical regulation;

13) conditions of thermal spontaneous ignition - experimentally revealed dependence between the ambient temperature, amount of substance (material) and time until its spontaneous ignition;

14) vzryvopozharoopasnost of substances and materials - capability of substances and materials for education combustible (fire-dangerous or explosive) environments, characterized by their physical and chemical properties and (or) behavior in the conditions of the fire;

15) limit of fire resistance of design (filling of apertures of fire-proof barriers) - period from the beginning of fire impact in the conditions of standard testing before one of the conditions normalized for limiting this design;

16) necessary time of evacuation - time from the moment of emergence of the fire during which people shall be evacuated in zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire without damnification of life and to health as a result of impact of dangerous factors of the fire;

17) rescuing - process of individual or collective moving of people to zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire in the presence of threat to their life (health) from impact of dangerous factors of the fire, including with use of the appropriate technical means of rescuing and protection;

18) resort (device) - the technical means providing independent or forced movement of people from places in which there is possibility of impact on people of dangerous factors of the fire and (or) their accompanying manifestations and from which evacuation is blocked by dangerous factors of the fire or for other reasons;

19) warehouses of oil and oil products - complex of the buildings, reservoirs and other constructions intended for acceptance, storage and issue of oil and oil products;

20) fire safety of object - the condition of object in case of which with the regulated probability possibility and developments of the fire and impact on people of dangerous factors of the fire is excluded and also is provided protection of material values;

21) system of ensuring fire safety of object - complex of the organizational actions and technical means allocated for prevention of the fire and decrease in damage from it on object;

22) fire risk of object - the object condition characterized by possibility and fire developments, and also impact on people and material values of dangerous factors of the fire;

23) production facilities - objects of industrial and agricultural purpose, including warehouses, objects of engineering and transport infrastructure (railway, automobile, internally water, sea, air and main pipeline transport), communications;

24) fire compartment - the part of the building allocated by fire-proof barriers (walls, zones, overlappings and other barriers in case of their reasons) for the purpose of restriction of the possible fire area and providing conditions for its liquidation;

25) the seat of fire - the place of initial emergence of the fire;

26) emergence of the fire - set of the processes leading to the fire;

27) emergency firefighting equipment - the fire extinguishing means used for fight against the fire in initial stage of its development;

28) fire-proof barrier - the fire safety device, building construction with the normalized limit of fire resistance and class of fire risk, volume element of the building or other technical means intended for prevention of distribution of the fire between rooms, buildings and constructions;

29) fire-proof gap (fire-proof distance) - the normalized distance between buildings and (or) constructions established for prevention of distribution of the fire;

30) fireproof zone - the part of the building, construction, fire compartment allocated with fire-proof barriers to protection of people against dangerous factors of the fire during the set time (from the moment of emergence of the fire before completion of rescue operations), provided with complex of actions for carrying out evacuation and rescuing;

31) the fire protection system - set of the organizational actions and technical means allocated for prevention of impact on people of dangerous factors of the fire and restriction of material damage from it;

32) system of prevention of the fire - complex of the organizational actions and technical means allocated for exception of conditions of emergence of the fire;

33) dangerous factors of the fire - fire factors which impact can lead to injury, poisoning or death of the person and (or) to material damage;

34) the technology circle - the substances and materials addressing in the technology equipment (technology system);

35) system of antismoke protection - complex of organizational actions, space-planning decisions, engineering systems and the technical means allocated for prevention or restriction of impact for people and material values of dangerous factors of the fire in buildings and constructions;

36) flash - the bystry combustion of gas-steam-air mix over the surface of combustible substance which is followed by short-term visible luminescence;

37) ignition source - the means of energy impact initiating emergence of burning;

38) individual protection equipment of respiratory organs and sight - technical means the ensuring safety and protection of people against dangerous factors of the fire, including in case of their evacuation, self-rescuing and rescuing;

39) evacuation - process of organized independent movement of people outside or in zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire from rooms in which there is possibility of impact on them dangerous factors of the fire, and also the dependent movement of the people belonging to national groups with limited traficabilities, performed by service personnel;

40) evacuation way (way of evacuation) - way of movement and (or) movement of people, the leader directly outside or in zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire, meeting requirements of safe evacuation in case of the fire;

41) emergency exit - the exit conducting on the way of evacuation, directly outside or in zone with lack of dangerous factors of the fire.

Chapter 3. Requirements to system of ensuring fire safety of objects

Paragraph 1. General requirements

6. The system of ensuring fire safety of object includes:

1) system of prevention of the fire;

2) fire protection system;

3) complex of organizational and technical actions for ensuring fire safety.

7. The structure and functional characteristics of systems of prevention of the fire, fire protection and complex of organizational and technical actions is determined by functional purpose of object and established by this Technical regulation.

8. Fire safety of object is considered secure if the requirements of fire safety established by this Technical regulation including by means of application on obligatory basis of construction regulations and on voluntary basis of sets of rules, regulating documents on standardization are in full fulfilled.

Section 1. Requirements to system of prevention of the fires

9. Prevention of the fire is reached by prevention of education:

1) combustible circle;

2) ignition sources in the combustible circle.

10. The exception of conditions of formation of the combustible circle shall be provided with one or several of the following methods:

1) use of nonflammable substances and materials;

2) restriction of weight and (or) amount of combustible substances and materials;

3) use of the safest methods of placement of combustible substances and materials, and also materials which interaction with each other leads to formation of the combustible circle;

4) isolation of the combustible circle from ignition source (application of the isolated compartments, cameras, cabins);

5) maintenance of safe concentration in the environment of oxidizer and (or) combustible substances;

6) lowering of concentration of oxidizer in the combustible circle in the protected amount;

7) maintenance of temperature and pressure of the circle in case of which distribution of flame is excluded;

8) mechanization and automation of the engineering procedures connected with the address of combustible substances;

9) installation of the fire-dangerous equipment in certain rooms or on the open areas;

10) use of the devices of protection of production equipment excluding exit of combustible substances in amount of the room or the devices excluding education in the combustible circle;

11) removal from rooms, processing equipment and communications of flammable production wastes, deposits of dust, down.

11. The exception of conditions of education in the combustible circle (or entering into it) sources of ignition shall be reached by one or several of the following methods:

1) use of electric equipment corresponding to class of fire hazardous and (or) explosive zone, category and group of explosive mix;

2) application in design of high-speed means of protective shutdown of the electroinstallations and other devices leading to emergence of sources of ignition;

3) use of the equipment and the modes of carrying out engineering procedure excluding formation of static electricity;

4) structure of lightning protection of buildings, constructions and equipment;

5) maintenance of safe temperature of heating of substances, materials and surfaces which contact to the combustible circle;

6) application of methods and devices of restriction of energy of the spark category in the combustible circle to safe values;

7) use of the intrinsically safe tool during the work with flammable liquids and combustible gases;

8) liquidation of conditions for thermal, chemical and (or) microbiological spontaneous ignition of the addressing substances, materials and products;

9) exception of contact with air of pyrophoric substances;

10) use of the devices excluding possibility of distribution of flame from one amount in adjacent.

Section 2. Requirements to the fire protection system

12. Protection of people and property of physical, legal entities and the state against impact of dangerous factors of the fire during the whole time of their impact and (or) restriction of their effects is provided with one or several of the following methods:

1) application of the space-planning decisions and means providing restriction of distribution of the fire out of center limits;

2) the device of the evacuation ways meeting requirements of safe evacuation of people in case of the fire;

3) the device of systems of detection of the fire (installations and systems of the fire alarm), notifications and managements of evacuation of people in case of the fire;

4) use of systems of antismoke protection and individual protection equipment of people from impact of dangerous factors of the fire;

5) application of the main building constructions with the limits of fire resistance and classes of fire risk corresponding to the required degrees of fire resistance and class of constructive fire risk of buildings and constructions and also with restriction of fire risk of blankets (finishings, facings and means of fire protection) of building constructions on the ways of evacuation;

6) use of fireproof structures (including fire-retarding agents and fireproof paints) and construction materials (facings) for increase in limits of fire resistance of building constructions;

7) the device of emergency discharge of flammable liquids and emergency drain of combustible gases from the equipment;

8) the device on processing equipment of systems of antiexplosive protection;

9) application of emergency firefighting equipment;

10) application of automatic and (or) autonomous installations of fire extinguishing.

13. Each building and construction shall have the space-planning solution and design of evacuation ways providing safe evacuation of people in case of the fire.

14. For ensuring safe evacuation of people shall be:

1) the necessary quantity, the sizes and the corresponding design of evacuation ways and emergency exits are established;

2) free movement of people on evacuation ways and through emergency exits is provided;

3) the notification and traffic control of people on evacuation ways are organized (including with use of light indexes, the sound and speech notification).

15. Buildings of subclasses of functional fire risk of F1.2, F1.5 more than 50 m high are provided with the fireproof zones expected protection of people within at least 2 hours.

Designing of fireproof zones in buildings is performed according to requirements of JV RK "Proyektirovaniye mnogofunktsionalnykh vysotnykh zdany i kompleksov".

16. Individual protection equipment of respiratory organs and sight (self-rescuers) shall ensure safety of people during the time necessary for their evacuation outside of the building or in fireproof zone.

17. Individual protection equipment of respiratory organs and sight (self-rescuers) provides people in rooms of buildings of the subclasses of functional fire risk of F1.2, F1.5 and F4.3, located at the height more than 28 m.

The quantity of individual protection equipment (self-rescuers) shall correspond to the number of the people who are subject to fire protection provided by the project documentation. Individual protection equipment is placed in the specially allotted, sealed-up cases with air vents, taking into account requirements of technical documentation of them. Locations of individual protection equipment (self-rescuers) shall be noted by indexes according to requirements of regulating documents for standardization.

18. Providing buildings of subclasses of functional fire risk of F1.2 and F1.5 more than 50 m high with individual and collective survival equipment is performed according to requirements of JV RK "Proyektirovaniye mnogofunktsionalnykh vysotnykh zdany i kompleksov".

19. The system of antismoke protection of the building or construction shall provide protection of people on the ways of evacuation from impact of dangerous factors of the fire during the time necessary for evacuation of people, or all time of development and fire extinguishing by means of removal of products of burning and thermal decomposition and (or) prevention of their distribution.

20. The system of antismoke protection shall provide one or several of the following methods of protection:

1) use of space-planning solutions of buildings and constructions for fight against smoke in case of the fire;

2) use of constructive solutions of buildings and constructions for fight against smoke in case of the fire;

3) use of forced antismoke ventilation for creation of excessive pressure of air in the protected rooms, the platform locks and on staircases;

4) use of devices and means of mechanical and natural exhaust antismoke ventilation for removal of products of burning and thermal decomposition.

21. In buildings and constructions the main building constructions with limits of fire resistance and classes of fire risk corresponding to required degree of fire resistance of buildings and constructions and class of their constructive fire risk shall be applied.

22. Fire resistance and class of fire risk of building constructions shall be provided at the expense of their constructive decisions, application of the corresponding construction materials, and also use of means of fire protection.

23. Compliance of degree of fire resistance and limit of fire resistance of building constructions of buildings, constructions and fire compartments is determined by the table of 1 appendix 2 presents of the Technical regulation.

24. Restriction of distribution of the fire out of limits of the center shall be provided with one or several of the following methods:

1) device of fire-proof barriers;

2) device of fire compartments and sections, and also restriction of number of storeys of buildings and constructions;

3) use of devices of emergency shutdown and switching of installations and communications in case of the fire;

4) application of the means preventing or limiting flood and spreading of liquids in case of the fire;

5) use of ognepregrazhdayushchy (fire-retardant) devices in the equipment;

6) application of installations of fire extinguishing.

25. The cities, settlements and subjects to managing shall be protected by divisions of fire service with exit and without the exit fire fighting equipment.

26. Automatic installations of fire extinguishing shall provide fire liquidation indoors (building) to:

1) emergence of critical values of dangerous factors of the fire;

2) approaches of limits of fire resistance of building constructions;

3) causings the most acceptable damage to the protected property;

4) approaches of danger of destruction of technology installations.

27. Buildings and constructions shall be provided with emergency firefighting equipment proceeding from condition of need of liquidation of the fire by service personnel before arrival of divisions of fire service.

28. For liquidation of the possible fires the territory, buildings and constructions of the organizations irrespective of pattern of ownership, and also settlements shall have sources of fire-water supply.

29. As sources of fire-water supply it is necessary to use natural and artificial reservoirs, and also outside water supply system (including drinking, economic and drinking, economic and fire-proof).

Section 3. Requirements to complex of organizational and technical actions

30. The complex of organizational and technical actions for ensuring fire safety shall include the following events:

1) involvement of the public to the solution of questions of ensuring fire safety;

2) the organization of training of the population in measures of fire safety at production and in life;

3) carrying out promotion in the field of fire safety;

4) providing primary measures of fire safety;

5) restriction of number of people in the building or construction to the values guaranteeing safety of their evacuation from the building or construction in case of the fire;

6) actions of administration, personnel and people in case of the fire in the building or construction and the organization of evacuation of people;

7) creation and the organizations of activities of the public and non-state fire services, and also voluntary fire-proof forming in the cities and settlements, and also on objects of different patterns of ownership.

Dislocation of divisions of fire service in the territory of settlements and the cities, and also rural settlements is determined proceeding from condition that arrival time of the first fire division to the place of challenge in settlements and the cities shall be no more than 10 minutes, and for rural settlements - no more than 20 minutes.

The number of fire stations and fire trucks for the cities and settlements is determined according to requirements of CH PK "Regulations of Designing of Objects of Bodies of Fire Service".

31. The procedure for the organization of non-state fire services on objects is determined according to Rules of implementation of activities of the non-state fire services approved by the order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 7, 2014 No. 782 (the regulatory legal acts registered in the Register of state registration for No. 9931).

Paragraph 2. Requirements of fire safety when designing city and rural settlements.

Section 1. Requirements of fire safety imposed to town-planning activities

32. City and rural settlements shall be designed taking into account providing the requirements of fire safety established in this Technical regulation.

33. In case of placement of explosion-fire-hazardous objects in borders of city and rural settlements it is necessary to consider possibility of impact of dangerous factors of the fire on the next objects, climatic and geographical features, land relief, the direction of current of the rivers and the prevailing direction of wind.

34. Complexes of the liquefied natural gases, and also warehouses of the liquefied hydrocarbonic gases and flammable liquids shall be located out of the living area of settlements of the prevailing direction of wind in relation to residential districts alee.

35. The parcels of land on placement of warehouses of the liquefied hydrocarbonic gases and flammable liquids shall be located below on watercourse in relation to settlements, piers, river stations, hydroelectric power stations, the ship-repair and ship-building organizations, bridges and constructions at distance at least 300 m from them if from the specified constructions the Technical regulation does not establish long distances.

36. Constructions of warehouses of the liquefied hydrocarbonic gases and flammable liquids shall be located on the parcels of land having lower levels in comparison with marks of the territories of the neighboring settlements, the organizations and ways of the railroads of general network.

Placement of the specified warehouses on the parcels of land having higher levels in comparison with marks of the territories of the neighboring settlements, the organizations and ways of the railroads of general network, in distance more than 300 m from them is allowed.

37. In warehouses of the liquefied hydrocarbonic gases and flammable liquids located from settlements, the organizations and ways of the railroads of general network at distance ranging from 100 m to 300 m the additional measures (including the second ridging, emergency reservoirs, diversion channels, trenches) preventing spreading of liquid in the territory of settlements, the organizations and on the way of the railroads of general network shall be provided.

38. In case of division of city and rural settlements into living, public and business, production areas, zones of engineering and transport infrastructure, zone of agricultural use, zone of recreational appointment, zone of especially protected territories, zones of special purpose, placement of military facilities and other types of territorial zones, requirements of fire safety for their layout shall be observed.

39. The entrance of fire trucks shall be provided:

1) from two longitudinal parties - to buildings and constructions of class of functional fire risk of F1.3 from 28 to 50 meters high inclusive, classes of functional fire risk F1.2, F1.5. F2.1, F2. 2, F 3, F4.2, F4.3 from 18 to 50 meters high;

2) from all directions (circular drives):

to buildings and constructions of classes of functional fire risk of F1.1, F4.1;

to buildings and constructions of classes of functional fire risk of F1.2, F1.5, F2.1, F2.2, F3,F4.2, F4.3 more than 50 meters high;

to buildings and constructions of class of functional fire risk of F1.3 more than 75 meters high;

to complex of buildings and constructions, functionally connected (connected) among themselves.

40. Planning solution of the low-rise housing estate (to 3 floors inclusive) shall provide entrance of the fire fighting equipment to residential buildings and constructions on distance no more than 50 m.

41. To buildings and constructions of production facilities on all their length the entrance of fire trucks shall be provided:

1) on the one hand - with width of the building, construction no more than 18 m;

2) from two parties - with width of the building, construction more than 18 m, and also in case of the device closed and the half-closed yards.

42. To buildings having building area more than 10 thousand sq.m or more than 100 m wide the entrance of the fire fighting equipment shall be provided from all directions.

43. The distance from the region of the carriageway or the planned surface of the fire fighting equipment providing journey, to walls of factory buildings and constructions up to 12 m high shall be no more than 25 m, with height of buildings over 12 up to 28 m - no more than 8 m, with height of buildings over 28 m - no more than 10 m.

It is allowed to increase distance from the region of the carriageway of the highway to the closest wall of factory buildings and constructions to 60 m on condition of the device of deadlock roads to these buildings and constructions with turnaround areas of the fire fighting equipment and the device on these platforms of fire hydrants. At the same time the distance from factory buildings and constructions to turnaround areas of the fire fighting equipment shall be at least 5 m and no more than 15 m, and the distance between deadlock roads shall be no more than 100 m.

44. In case of the device of drives and pedestrian ways it is necessary to provide possibility of journey and entrance of the fire fighting equipment to residential and public buildings, including with it is built in - the attached rooms, and access for firefighters from autoladders and car lifts any apartment or the room.

Distance from the region of the drive to wall of the building it is necessary to accept 5-8 m for buildings from 10 to 28 m inclusive and 8-10 m for buildings over 28 m. In this zone the construction of buildings and constructions is not allowed, to place barriers, air-lines of electricity transmission and to perform ordinary planting of trees.

45. The design of road clothes of drives for the fire fighting equipment shall be expected loading from fire trucks.

46. When using roof of stilobat of residential and multipurpose high rise buildings for entrance of the fire fighting equipment of design of stilobat at least 16 tons on axis shall be expected loading from fire trucks.

47. For providing entrance of fire tenders to buildings more than 75 m high it is necessary to arrange circular drives with hard surface at least 6 m wide at distance from 8 m to 10 m from outside walls of high-rise part of the building.

48. Through passages under transitions, galleries or through buildings (arches) of apartment houses more than 75 m high should be carried out height of at least 4,25 of m and width of at least 3,5 of m.

Through passages through buildings it is necessary to have through each 300 m on internal contour (perimeter) of the building.

49. End-to-end passes through staircases (lobbies) of apartment houses it is necessary to provide at distance no more than 100 m from each other if the network of outside water supply system with fire hydrants is laid from one of facades.

50. Deadlock drives shall come to an end with turnaround areas of the fire fighting equipment at least 15 x 15 m in size. The maximum extent of deadlock journey shall be no more than 150 m.

51. In the territory of gardening partnerships and country cooperatives the entrance of the fire fighting equipment to all groups of sites and common use facilities shall be provided.

52. In the territory of city and rural settlements there shall be sources of outside and (or) internal fire-water supply.

Treat sources of outside fire-water supply:

1) outside water supply systems with fire hydrants;

2) natural and artificial water sources.

53. The fire-proof water supply system shall be provided in the cities and settlements, and also on production facilities.

It is allowed to combine fire-proof water supply system with economic and drinking or production water supply system.

54. Outside fire-water supply is direct from reservoirs and (or) reservoirs it is allowed to provide for:

1) settlements with number of inhabitants to 5 000 people;

2) separate public buildings in amount to 1 000 m 3, located in the settlements which do not have ring fire-proof water supply system;

3) factory buildings with productions of categories B1-B4, G and D on fire and explosion and fire risk in case of water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of 10 p/a;

4) warehouses of rough forages in amount to 1 000 m3

5) warehouses of mineral fertilizers in amount of buildings to 5 000 m3

6) buildings of radio television transmitting stations;

7) buildings of refrigerators and storages of vegetables and fruit.

55. It is allowed not to provide outside fire-water supply for:

1) settlements with number of inhabitants to 50 people when building by buildings height to two floors;

2) separate, located out of settlements, catering establishments in case of amount of buildings to 1 000 m3 and trade enterprises in case of the area to 150 sq.m, and also public buildings of I and II degrees of fire resistance in amount to 250 m3 located in settlements;

3) factory buildings of I and II degrees of fire resistance in amount to 1 000 m3 (except for buildings with the metal unprotected or wooden bearing designs, and also with polymeric heater in amount to 250 m 3) with productions of category D on fire and explosion and fire risk;

4) seasonal universal priyemozagotovitelny Items of agricultural products in case of amount of buildings to 1 000 m3;

5) buildings of warehouses of combustible materials and fireproof materials in combustible packaging up to 50 sq.m.

56. The settlement number of the simultaneous fires and consumption of water from the main and ring lines of water supply system on outside fire extinguishing in the settlement shall correspond to the values given in the table of appendix 3 to this Technical regulation.

57. In case of zonal water supply water consumption on outside fire extinguishing and the number of the simultaneous fires in each zone shall be accepted depending on number of the inhabitants living in zone.

58. For group water supply system the number of the simultaneous fires is accepted depending on the total number of inhabitants in settlements.

59. The water consumption on recovery of fire amount shall be determined by group water supply system as water expense amount for the settlements (according to the number of the simultaneous fires) requiring the greatest expenses on fire extinguishing, under following conditions:

1) duration of fire extinguishing shall be accepted at least 3 hours, and for buildings of I and II degrees of fire resistance with rooms of categories G and D on fire and explosion and fire risk at least 2 hours;

2) fire extinguishing duration in rural settlements with number of inhabitants to 1 0 00 people for buildings of I and II degrees of fire resistance with rooms of categories G and D on fire and explosion and fire risk, for residential buildings with the number of floors to two and amount to 1 000 m3 shall be accepted at least 1 hour.

3) the maximum term of recovery of fire amount of water shall be no more:

24 hours - for settlements and production facilities with rooms of categories A, B, B1-B4 on fire and explosion and fire risk;

36 hours - for production facilities with rooms of categories G and D on fire and explosion and fire risk;

72 hours - for rural settlements and agricultural enterprises.

60. The water consumption on outside fire extinguishing in the settlement shall be at least consumption of water from connecting and distribution lines of water supply system on fire extinguishing of residential and public buildings, the appendix 4 given in the table (further - appendix 4) to this Technical regulation.

61. The water consumption from connecting and distribution lines of water supply system on outside fire extinguishing in residential and public buildings shall be accepted according to appendix 4 to this Technical regulation.

62. The water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of the buildings divided into parts by fire-proof walls shall be accepted by that part of the building where the greatest consumption of water is required.

63. The water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of the buildings divided by fire-proof partitions shall be determined by the total amount of the building and more dangerous category on fire and explosion and fire risk.

64. The water consumption on outside fire extinguishing one - and two-storeyed factory buildings and one-storey store buildings no more than 18 m high with the bearing steel structures and the protecting designs from the steel pro-thinned-out or asbestos-cement sheets with combustible or polymeric heaters shall be accepted 10 p/a more standard rates specified in tables 1 and 2 of appendix 5 (further - appendix 5) to this Technical regulation.

65. In case of two settlement factory fires the settlement consumption of water on fire extinguishing shall be accepted on two buildings requiring the greatest consumption of water.

66. Water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of separate office and household buildings of production facilities it is necessary to adopt according to the table annexes 4 to this Technical regulation as for public buildings, and built in factory buildings - on the total amount of the building which values are given in the table 1 of appendix 5 to this Technical regulation.

67. The water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of warehouses of forest materials with a capacity up to 10 000 m3 shall be adopted according to the table 1 of annex 5 to this Technical regulation, carrying them to buildings of the V degree of fire resistance with production of category B1-B4 on fire and explosion and fire risk.

In case of the bigger capacity of warehouses it is necessary to be guided by requirements of the relevant regulating documents.

68. Water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of buildings of radio television transmitting stations irrespective of amount of buildings and the quantity living in settlements of people it is necessary to accept at least 15 p/a if according to table 1 and 2 of appendix 5 to this Technical regulation, the bigger consumption of water is not required. The specified requirements do not extend to radio television repeaters, the connection established on the existing and designed projects.

69. For buildings of the II degree of fire resistance with wooden designs the water consumption on outside fire extinguishing shall be accepted 5 p/a more than the appendix 5 to this Technical regulation specified in tables 1 and 2.

70. The water consumption on outside fire extinguishing of the open areas of storage of containers with a loading capacity up to 30 tons shall be accepted depending on number of containers:

1) from 30 to 50 containers - at least 15 p/a;

2) more than 50 to 100 containers - at least 20 p/a;

3) more than 100 to 300 containers - at least 25 p/a;

4) more than 300 to 1000 containers - at least 40 p/a;

5) more than 1000 to 1500 containers - at least 60 p/a;

6) more than 1500 to 2000 containers - at least 80 p/a;

7) more than 2000 containers - at least 100 p/a.

71. The settlement number of the simultaneous fires on production facilities shall be accepted depending on the space occupied by them: one fire in case of the area to 150 hectares, two fires in case of the area more than 150 hectares.

72. In case of the integrated fire-proof water supply system of the settlement and industrial or agricultural enterprise located out of the settlement, the settlement number of the simultaneous fires shall be accepted:

1) in case of the area of the territory of the company to 150 hectares in case of number of inhabitants in the settlement to 10 000 people - one fire (at the company or in the settlement on the greatest consumption of water);

2) the same, in case of number of inhabitants in the settlement over 10 000 people to 25 thousand people - two fires (one at the company and one in the settlement);

3) in case of the area of the territory of the company over 150 hectares and in case of number of inhabitants in the settlement to 25 000 people - two fires (two at the company or two in the settlement on the greatest expense);

4) in case of number of inhabitants in the settlement more than 25 000 people the settlement number of the simultaneous fires and consumption of water from the main and ring lines of water supply system on outside fire extinguishing in the settlement is accepted according to the table of appendix 3 to this Technical regulation, at the same time the consumption of water shall be determined as the amount of potrebny bigger expense (at the company or in the settlement) and 50% of potrebny smaller expense (at the company or in the settlement).

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