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It is registered

Ministry of Justice

Russian Federation

On August 31, 2017 No. 48033

THE ORDER OF THE FEDERAL SERVICE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON ECOLOGICAL, TECHNOLOGY AND ATOMIC SUPERVISION

of August 4, 2017 No. 295

About approval of federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy of "The rule of nuclear safety of research reactors"

(as amended on 28-12-2021)

According to article 6 of the Federal Law of November 21, 1995 No. 170-FZ "About use of atomic energy" (The Russian Federation Code, 1995, No. 48, Art. 4552; 1997, No. 7, Art. 808; 2001, No. 29, Art. 2949; 2002, No. 1, Art. 2; No. 13, Art. 1180; 2003, No. 46, Art. 4436; 2004, No. 35, Art. 3607; 2006, No. 52, Art. 5498; 2007, No. 7, Art. 834; No. 49, Art. 6079; 2008, No. 29, Art. 3418; No. 30, Art. 3616; 2009, No. 1, Art. 17; No. 52, Art. 6450; 2011, No. 29, Art. 4281; No. 30, Art. 4590, Art. 4596; No. 45, Art. 6333; No. 48, Art. 6732; No. 49, Art. 7025; 2012, No. 26, Art. 3446; 2013, No. 27, Art. 3451; 2016, No. 14, Art. 1904; No. 15, Art. 2066; No. 27, the Art. 4289), subitem 5.2.2.1 of Item 5 of the Regulations on Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 30, 2004 No. 401 (The Russian Federation Code, 2004, No. 32, Art. 3348; 2006, No. 5, Art. 544; No. 23, Art. 2527; No. 52, Art. 5587; 2008, No. 22, Art. 2581; No. 46, Art. 5337; 2009, No. 6, Art. 738; No. 33, Art. 4081; No. 49, Art. 5976; 2010, No. 9, Art. 960; No. 26, Art. 3350; No. 38, Art. 4835; 2011, No. 6, Art. 888; No. 14, Art. 1935; No. 41, Art. 5750; No. 50, Art. 7385; 2012, No. 29, Art. 4123; No. 42, Art. 5726; 2013, No. 12, Art. 1343; No. 45, Art. 5822; 2014, No. 2, Art. 108; No. 35, Art. 4773; 2015, No. 2, Art. 491; No. 4, Art. 661; No. 28, Art. 4741; No. 48, Art. 6789; 2017, No. 12, Art. 1729; to No. 26, of the Art. 3847), I order:

1. Approve the enclosed federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy of "The rule of nuclear safety of research reactors" (NP-009-17).

2. Declare invalid the resolution of Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of December 31, 2004 No. 11 "About approval and enforcement of federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy of "The rule of nuclear safety of research reactors" (it is registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation on February 8, 2005, registration No. 6314; Bulletin of regulations of federal executive bodies, 2005, No. 7).

Head

A. V. Alyoshin

Approved by the Order of the Federal Service of the Russian Federation on ecological, technology and atomic supervision of August 4, 2017 No. 295

Federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy of "The rule of nuclear safety of research reactors" (NP-009-17)

I. Appointment and scope

1. These federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy of "The rule of nuclear safety of research reactors" (are developed by NP-009-17) (further - Rules) according to article 6 of the Federal Law of November 21, 1995 No. 170-FZ "About use of atomic energy", the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 1, 1997 No. 1511 "About approval of the Regulations on development and approval of federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy" (The Russian Federation Code, 1997, No. 49, Art. 5600; 1999, No. 27, Art. 3380; 2000, No. 28, Art. 2981; 2002, No. 4, Art. 325; No. 44, Art. 4392; 2003, No. 40, Art. 3899; 2005, No. 23, Art. 2278; 2006, No. 50, Art. 5346; 2007, No. 14, Art. 1692; No. 46, Art. 5583; 2008, No. 15, Art. 1549; 2012, No. 51, Art. 7203).

2. These rules extend to the research nuclear reactors designed, constructed and being in operation (further - research reactors), except for pulse research nuclear reactors.

3. These rules establish requirements to design, characteristics and service conditions of systems and elements of research reactors, and also the organizational requirements aimed at providing nuclear safety of research reactors.

4. These rules are developed according to the principles and requirements of safety established in federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy "General provisions of safety of research nuclear installations" (NP-033-11) approved by the order of Federal Service for Environmental, Technological and Nuclear Supervision of June 30, 2011 No. 348 (it is registered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation on August 29, 2011; registration No. 21700; Russian newspaper, 2011, No. 195).

5. The reducings used in these rules and designations are given in appendix No. 1, terms and determinations - in appendix No. 2 to these rules.

II. General provisions

6. The purpose of ensuring nuclear safety of IR - prevention of emergence of conditions of emergence of nuclear accident, exception of unauthorized exit of IR in critical condition and increases in capacity of IR over the limits of safe operation set in design documentation (further - the project) IR, exception of STsR in case of the treatment of nuclear materials and exception of damage of the elements containing nuclear materials.

7. Nuclear safety of IR is ensured by system of technical solutions and organizational measures, including:

compliance to requirements of the federal regulations and rules of use of atomic energy, the modern level of development of science, the equipment and production used in the IR draft of technical decisions;

use of properties of internal self-security of IR;

observance of requirements of the IR project in case of construction and operation of IR;

use on IR of the passive elements and security systems constructed on the basis of the principles of independence, variety, reservation and single refusal;

application of the technical solutions and reasonable techniques checked by practice, use of settlement and pilot studies of neutron and physical and heatphysical characteristics of IR;

realization of systems of quality assurance, performing discipline, qualification of personnel, forming and implementation of culture of safety at all stages of lifecycle of IR.

III. The requirements to the project of the research reactor aimed at providing nuclear safety

General requirements

8. The systems and the IR elements important for safety shall be designed taking into account mechanical, thermal, chemical, radiative and other internal effects, possible in case of normal operation and in case of violations of normal operation, including project accidents, and also taking into account external impacts of natural and technogenic origin, possible on the platform of placement of IR.

9. When designing systems (elements) of IR important for safety, preference shall be given to systems (elements) which device is based on the passive principle of action and properties of internal self-security, and also on realization of the principles of safe refusal and single refusal.

10. Shall be provided in the project and operational documentation of IR:

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