of April 5, 2017 No. 230-r
About approval of the Concept of the State social program "National Plan of Action for Implementation of the Convention of the UN on the Child's Rights" for the period till 2021
Determine the Ministry of social policy by the state customer of the Program.
2. To the ministry of social policy together with other interested central executive bodies to develop and give to six-months time after approval of the Concept approved by this order, to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine the draft of the State social program "National Plan of Action for Implementation of the Convention of the UN on the Child's Rights" for the period till 2021.
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Approved by the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of April 5, 2017 No. 230-r
Determination of problem to which solution the program is directed
The main international document which determines standard requirements for providing the rights of the child is the Convention of the UN on the child's rights which is binding for the states which ratified it. Process of inclusion of Ukraine into the European Union provides implementation of the European standards and approaches to providing the rights of children which main directions are determined by the Strategy of the Council of Europe by the child's rights (2016-2021).
Since 2009 in Ukraine within accomplishment of the Nation-wide program "National Plan of Action for Implementation of the Convention of the UN on the Child's Rights" for the period till 2016 considerable results in the sphere of providing the rights of children are achieved. In the majority of regions of the country indicators of infantile and perinatal death rate, incidence of children of the first year of life, including transfer of HIV infection from mother to the newborn child decreased; further development was gained by system of the perinatal help and medico-social resettlement of children with disability; the regulatory framework concerning implementation of inclusive training in general education educational institutions is enhanced that allowed to increase quantity of classes with inclusive training; the priority of family education of the orphan children and children deprived of parent guardianship is provided (the device of children of the specified category in family forms constitutes percent 90,5); adoption process is intensified (adoption of the Ukrainian children by citizens of Ukraine by 4 times exceeds adoption by their foreigners); reforming of system of residential care facilities for the orphan children and children deprived of parent guardianship is carried out; the cooperation with public organizations directed to social formation and development of children is made active.
At the same time the system of protection of the rights and interests of the child existing in Ukraine is imperfect and not fully meets the requirements of time.
Inefficient cross-industry coordination in the complex problem resolution, the rights of children connected with providing, slows down upgrade of the existing system. Urgent, especially in the conditions of decentralization of the power, are questions of preserving and enhancement of the mechanism of interaction with the relevant services on places. Due to the lack of the approved standards of wellbeing and safety of the child it is difficult to carry out high-quality estimation of providing the rights of the children provided by the Convention of the UN on the child's rights.
The existing system of protection of the rights and interests of the child in Ukraine is based on the way to the child as to object of impact, without the fact that the child shall be the subject of the relations. Despite availability of legislative arrangements on accounting of opinion of the child, there is no mechanism of ensuring the best interests of the child in planning process of state policy.
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