of June 28, 1996 No. of 254k/96-BP
It is adopted at the fifth session of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on June 28, 1996
expressing sovereign will of the people,
relying on centuries-old history of the Ukrainian state construction and on the basis of performed by the Ukrainian nation, all Ukrainian people of right to self-determination,
showing care of providing human rights and freedoms and worthy conditions of his life,
caring for strengthening of civil consent on the earth of Ukraine,
aiming to develop and strengthen the democratic, social, constitutional state,
understanding responsibility to God, own conscience, preceding, present and the future generations,
being guided by the Act of declaration of independence of Ukraine of August 24, 1991 approved on December 1, 1991 by national vote
accepts this Constitution - the Fundamental Law of Ukraine.
Human rights and freedoms and their guarantees determine content and orientation of activities of the state. The state answers to the person for the activities. Approval and providing human rights and freedoms is the main obligation of the state.
Regulations of the Constitution of Ukraine are regulations of direct action. Appeal to the court for protection of constitutional rights and freedoms of man and citizen directly based on the Constitution of Ukraine is guaranteed.
The conclusion of the international treaties contradicting the Constitution of Ukraine is possible only after entering of corresponding changes into the Constitution of Ukraine.
The state promotes studying of languages of the international communication.
Article 11. The state promotes consolidation and development of the Ukrainian nation, her historical consciousness, traditions and cultures, and also to development of ethnic, cultural, language and religious identity of all indigenous people and ethnic minorities of Ukraine.
Article 13. The earth, its subsoil, atmospheric air, water and other natural resources which are in limits of the territory of Ukraine, natural resources of its continental shelf of exclusive (sea) economic zone are objects of the property right of the Ukrainian people. On behalf of the Ukrainian people of the right of the owner perform public authorities and local government bodies in the limits determined by this Constitution.
Each citizen has the right to use natural objects of the property right of the people according to the law.
The property obliges. The property shall not be used to the detriment of the person and society.
The property right to the earth is guaranteed. This right is acquired and implemented by citizens, legal entities and the state only according to the law.
Article 16. Providing ecological safety and maintenance of ecological equilibrium in the territory of Ukraine, overcoming consequences of the Chernobyl catastrophic crash - catastrophic crashes of planetary scale, preserving gene pool of the Ukrainian people are obligation of the state.
Ensuring state security and protection of frontier of Ukraine are assigned to the corresponding military forming and law enforcement agencies of the state which organization and procedure for activities are determined by the law.
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