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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan

 On September 15, 2006 No. 570

ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of September 7, 2006 No. 408

About approval of the Program of recovery of hydrometeorological stations and hydrological posts of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2007 - 2016

According to article 5 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About hydrometeorological activities" for the purpose of creation of effective system of hydrometeorological monitoring and observations of the environment, improvement of quality of hydrometeorological services, accomplishment of the obligations following from international treaties, development of system of forecasting methods of the spontaneous hydrometeorological phenomena and climate evaluation and climatic changes, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides:

1. Approve the Program of recovery of hydrometeorological stations and hydrological posts of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2007 - 2016 it (is applied).

2. To the state committee of environmental protection and forestry of the Republic of Tajikistan together with the State committee on protection of Frontier of the Republic of Tajikistan, chairmen of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, areas, the cities and areas to take necessary measures for the purpose of implementation of this program.

3. To the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Ministry of Economy and Trade of the Republic of Tajikistan for the purpose of program implementation of recovery of hydrometeorological stations and hydrological posts of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2007 - 2016 to provide necessary means in the government budget for the State committee of environmental protection and forestry of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Tajikistan

E.Rakhmonov

The program of recovery of hydrometeorological stations and hydrological posts of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2007 - 2016

Introduction

The national system of hydrometeorological observations and monitoring of state of environment is the complex multi-level measuring information system intended for carrying out systematic observations and control of change of condition of the environment under the influence of natural and anthropogenous factors; for providing satisfaction of government structures, various industries of managing, the organizations, departments and the population in information on the flowing and predicted condition of the environment and climate.

Organizationally the national system of observations and monitoring of condition of the environment consists of Items of observations (stations, posts), the hydrometeorological centers (TsGM), hydrometeorological observatory (GMO), the centers of monitoring of pollution of the environment, automatic communication, processing and storage of hydrometeorological information.

The most important condition of effective hydrometeorological support is reliable functioning national and the international hydrometeorological infrastructures (system of observations and preparation of forecasts), and also preparation of climatic data. On the basis of observations weather forecasts and water content of the rivers on the republic, warnings of emergence of the spontaneous hydrometeorological phenomena - SGYa (mudflows, avalanches, strong rainfall, hail, strong wind, passing of floods and so forth), regime hydrometeorological reference books and annuals of level of environmental pollution are constituted.

The territory of Tajikistan and its population are subject to active impact of various natural processes which can lead to natural disasters. Every year in our republic more than 100 spontaneous phenomena of hydrometeorological nature are observed that significantly influences state of the economy of the republic. Finance which could be used for sustainable development should be directed to mitigation of consequences of SGYa.

By the international estimates of experts of the UN, 80 percent of damage caused to economy are the share of natural disasters. Accounting and forecasting of the spontaneous hydrometeorological phenomena reduce degree and scale of their negative impact and allow to prevent or reduce damage.

Experience of developed countries shows that effective the economic effect from 6 to 10 times exceeding the cost level on its obtaining gives uses of hydrometeorological information. This essential reserve is used still insufficiently.

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