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LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of May 23, 2015 No. 226-V

About breeding case in livestock production

(In edition of the Law of Turkmenistan of 05.01.2018 No. 685-V)

This Law determines legal and organizational basis of breeding case in livestock production and is directed to preserving and enhancement of gene pool of breeding animals, reproduction and improvement of their productive qualities, and also regulates activities of state bodies, the physical persons and legal entities occupied in the field of breeding livestock production.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. The basic concepts used in this law

In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:

1) breeding livestock production - cultivation of breeding animals, production and use of breeding products in the selection purposes;

2) breeding animal - the thoroughbred animal having documentary confirmed origin used for reproduction of certain breed and registered in accordance with the established procedure;

3) breeding case in livestock production - system of the zootechnical, selection and organizational and economic actions directed to improvement of breeding and productive qualities of animals;

4) breeding products (material) - breeding animal, its sperm and embryos, hatchable eggs, caviar, larvae, pchelopaketa;

5) appraisal of quality - complex assessment of breeding and productive qualities of breeding animal, and also qualities of other breeding products (material) for the purpose of their further use;

6) breeding value - the level of genetic potential of breeding animal and capability to transfer to posterity hozyaystvenno useful signs;

7) productivity of breeding animals - set hozyaystvenno useful signs of breeding animals, including quality and quantity of products received from them;

8) cultivation of thoroughbred breeding animals - cultivation of breeding animals of one breed for the purpose of preserving and improvement of signs inherent in this breed;

9) small (genofondny) breed - group of seldom meeting animals of certain breed who are differing in genetiko-selection features and being under the threat of disappearance;

10) the state registration of breeding animals and breed herds - accounting of data on breeding animals and breed herds respectively in the State book of breeding animals and the State breeding register for the purpose of identification, determination of origin and establishment of productivity of breeding animals and breed herds;

11) the State book of breeding animals - the code of data on the most valuable breeding animals in certain breed or about the breed herds received as a result of cultivation of thoroughbred breeding animals;

12) the State breeding register - the code of data on breed herds;

13) branding - designation of breeding animal by means of drawing number tattoo, brand mark, fixing of label, the chip which allow to identify the corresponding breeding animal precisely;

14) selection in livestock production - complex of the actions for enhancement existing to creation of new types, lines, cross-countries and breeds of animals, rational use of breeding products and preserving genofondny breeds of animals;

15) approbation - inspection of animals for the purpose of determination of genealogical structure and properties who allow to establish their belonging to certain new types, lines, cross-countries and breeds of animals;

16) cross-country - group of the animals coming from crossing of one line with other line of animals;

17) transplantation of embryos - the biotechnological method of cultivation of breeding animals consisting in change of germs from one animal to another at early stages of development of embryo;

18) bank of sperm - storage of the sperm of manufacturing animals preserved by freezing.

Article 2. Tasks in the field of breeding livestock production

Tasks in the field of breeding livestock production are ensuring reproduction of breeding animals for the purpose of improvement of their productive qualities, cultivations of highly productive animals, preserving gene pool of small and disappearing breeds of the animals useful to the selection purposes.

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