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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 20, 2004 No. 166-FZ

About fishery and preserving water biological resources

(The last edition from 01-05-2019)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on November 26, 2004

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on December 8, 2004

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

1. In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) water biological resources (further - water bioresources) the fishes, water invertebrates, water mammals, seaweed, other water animals and plants which are in condition of natural freedom;

2) anadromous species of fish - species of fish, the water objects which are reproduced in fresh water in the Russian Federation making then migration in the sea for nagul and returning for spawning to places of the reproduction;

3) catadromous species of fish - species of fish, reproduced in the sea and carrying out the most part of the lifecycle in internal waters of the Russian Federation and in the territorial sea of the Russian Federation;

4) cross-border species of fish and other water animals - species of fish and other water animals who are reproduced and carry out the most part of the lifecycle in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and can temporarily migrate out of limits of such zone and to the area of the high sea, adjacent to such zone;

5) transzone species of fish and other water animals - species of fish and other water animals living in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and in the exclusive economic zones of foreign states adjoining to it;

6) far migrating species of fish and other water animals - species of fish and other water animals who carry out the most part of the lifecycle in the high sea and can temporarily migrate in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation;

7) preserving water bioresources - maintenance of water bioresources or their recovery to levels in case of which the maximum steady production (catch) of water bioresources and their biological diversity, by means of implementation on the basis of scientific these measures for studying, protection, reproduction, rational use of water bioresources and protection of the circle of their dwelling can be provided;

8) production (catch) of water bioresources - withdrawal of water bioresources from the circle of their dwelling;

9) fishery - activities for production (catch) of water bioresources and in the cases provided by this Federal Law on acceptance, processing, overload, transportation, storage and unloading of catch of water bioresources, production of fish and other products from water bioresources;

10) industrial fishery - business activity on search and production (catch) of water bioresources, on acceptance, processing, overload, transportation, storage and unloading of catch of water bioresources, production on vessels of the fishery fleet of fish and other products from these water bioresources;

10. 1) inshore fishing - business activity on search and production (catch) of water bioresources, transportation, storage, overload of catch of water biological resources, and also fish and other products from water bioresources if its overload and production on vessels of the fishery fleet are provided by this Federal Law, and unloading of catch of water bioresources in the live, fresh, cooled or refrigerated type in seaports of the Russian Federation, to other emptying points established according to this Federal Law;

11) voided

12) general admissible catch of water bioresources - the evidence-based size of annual production (catch) of water bioresources of specific type in certain areas established taking into account features of this type;

13) quota of production (catch) of water bioresources - the part of general admissible catch of water bioresources determined for the purpose of fishery implementation;

14) share of quota of production (catch) of water bioresources - the part of quota of production (catch) of water bioresources assigned to persons who have right to production (catch) of water bioresources, and expressed as a percentage;

15) voided

16) amateur and sports fishery - activities for production (catch) of water bioresources for the purpose of private consumption and in the recreational purposes;

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