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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of February 22, 2014 No. 20-FZ

About elections of deputies of the State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation

(The last edition from 04-06-2018)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on February 14, 2014

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on February 19, 2014

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Basic principles of elections of deputies of the State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation

Deputies of the State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (further - deputies of the State Duma) are elected citizens of the Russian Federation on the basis of general equal and direct suffrage in case of secret vote. Participation of the citizen of the Russian Federation in elections is free and voluntary. Nobody has the right to force the citizen of the Russian Federation to participation or nonparticipation in elections, and also to interfere with its free declaration of will.

Article 2. Legislation on elections of deputies of the State Duma

1. The legislation on elections of deputies of the State Duma is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and No. 67-FZ "About basic guarantees of the voting rights and the participation rights in referendum of citizens of the Russian Federation" (further - the Federal Law "About Basic Guarantees of the Voting Rights and the Participation Rights in Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation"), this Federal Law, other Federal Laws consists of the Federal Law of June 12, 2002.

2. The main terms and concepts used in this Federal Law are applied in the same value, as in the Federal Law "About Basic Guarantees of the Voting Rights and the Participation Rights in Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation" if other is not provided by this Federal Law.

Article 3. The electoral system applied on elections of deputies of the State Duma

1. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation in the State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation (further - the State Duma) 450 deputies are elected.

2. 225 deputies of the State Duma are elected on the single-candidate constituencies (one district - one deputy) formed according to article 12 of this Federal Law.

3. 225 deputies of the State Duma are elected on the federal constituency in proportion to poll of the voters given for federal candidate lists in deputies of the State Duma (further - federal candidate lists).

4. The poll of the voters given for the federal candidate list is determined as the amount of the votes given for the corresponding federal candidate list in each subject of the Russian Federation and outside the territory of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. The voting rights of citizens of the Russian Federation on elections of deputies of the State Duma

1. The citizen of the Russian Federation who reached on ballot day of 18 years has the right to elect deputies of the State Duma on the federal constituency.

2. The citizen of the Russian Federation who reached has the right to elect the deputy of the State Duma on this single-candidate constituency to ballot day of 18 years which residence is in the territory of the respective single-candidate constituency. Also the citizen of the Russian Federation who reached on the ballot day of 18 years registered in the place of stay in the territory of this single-candidate constituency at least in three months prior to ballot day in case of submission by it of the statement for inclusion in the electoral register in the location according to part 4.1 of article 17 of this Federal Law for vote within the single-candidate constituency in which it is registered in the place of stay has the right to elect the deputy of the State Duma on the single-candidate constituency.

3. The citizen of the Russian Federation who reached on ballot day of 18 years has the right to participate in promotion of candidates of the State Duma (further - candidates), federal candidate lists, in election propaganda, in observation of elections and work of the electoral commissions, including establishment of results of vote and determination of election results, and also in the implementation of other selective actions according to the procedure provided by this Federal Law, other Federal Laws.

4. The citizen of the Russian Federation who reached on ballot day of 21 years can be elected the deputy of the State Duma.

5. The citizen of the Russian Federation living or being outside the territory of the Russian Federation has the voting rights, equal with other citizens of the Russian Federation, on elections of deputies of the State Duma. Diplomatic representations and consular establishments of the Russian Federation shall render to the citizen of the Russian Federation assistance in realization of its voting rights.

6. Has no right to choose and be elected, to participate in implementation of other selective actions the citizen of the Russian Federation recognized by court incapacitated or containing in places of detention according to the court verdict.

7. Has no right to be the elected deputy of the State Duma the citizen of the Russian Federation having nationality of foreign state either the residence permit or other document confirming the right to permanent residence of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the territory of foreign state.

8. Has no right to be the elected deputy of the State Duma the citizen of the Russian Federation:

1) the convict to imprisonment for making of heavy and (or) especially serious crime and having on ballot day not removed and unspent conviction for the specified crime;

2) the convict to imprisonment for making of serious crime which criminal record is removed or extinguished, - before the expiration of 10 years from the date of removal or repayment of criminal record;

3) the convict to imprisonment for making of especially serious crime which criminal record is removed or extinguished, - before the expiration of 15 years from the date of removal or repayment of criminal record;

4) condemned for crime execution of extremist orientation, provided by the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and having on ballot day not removed and unspent conviction for the specified crime if action of Items 2 and 3 of this part does not extend to such citizen of the Russian Federation;

5) subjected to administrative punishment for making of the administrative offenses provided by articles 20.3 and 20.29 of the Russian Federation Code of Administrative Offences if vote on elections of deputies of the State Duma takes place before the termination of term during which person is considered subjected to administrative punishment;

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