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Agreement on first-priority measures for protection of the victims of armed conflicts

of September 24, 1993

The State Parties of this agreement, further - the Parties,

being deeply concerned about the disturbing situation which developed on considerable part of the territory of the former USSR in connection with armed conflicts for national, religious and political motives

emphasizing need of protection of the victims of the armed conflicts and persons who are not involved in armed conflicts, first of all, of the civilians and the military personnel who are not belonging to fighting forming of conflicting parties

in view of that the Parties confirmed the obligations following from the international human rights documents

based on the humane principles and regulations of the Geneva conventions on protection of the victims of war of August 12, 1949 and Additional protocols to them of June 8, 1977, and also on other obligations following from provisions and the principles of international humanitarian law

resolutely condemning gross violations of international humanitarian law: application of the forbidden means and methods of conducting military operations, attack on the civilian population and civil objects, capture of hostages, tortures and other types of infringement of human dignity and so forth,

confirming determination to put end to armed conflicts,

agreed as follows:

Article 1.

The parties will cooperate on bilateral and multilateral basis in acceptance of the necessary measures directed to prevention of human rights violations and regulations of the humanitarian law in regions of armed conflicts.

Article 2.

The parties if they do not participate in the corresponding international treaties yet, will make efforts for the fastest registration of legal succession concerning international treaties of the former USSR in the field of international humanitarian law imposing obligations on the states and all participants of armed conflicts and will bring the national legal system into accord with regulations and the principles of international humanitarian law.

Article 3.

The parties if it is not made yet, in perhaps shorter terms will adopt the national legal acts guaranteeing social protection and compensation of material damage to persons injured with armed conflicts.

Article 4.

The parties will undertake immediate agreed measures for protection of persons illegally imprisoned for the reasons connected with armed conflict irrespective of, they are interned or are detained, and also for return of prisoners of war and unconditional release of hostages.

Article 5.

The parties will coordinate the mutual activities for protection of the victims of armed conflicts provided by this agreement, attracting the national organizations of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the Council of Ministers of Defense and other bodies of the Commonwealth, Committee on cases of soldiers internationalists under Council of Heads of Government, and also to provide to concerned parties information on the victims of the armed conflicts needing protection and the help.

Article 6.

Each Party will take all necessary measures for suppression of any actions violating international humanitarian law including application of effective measures of legal prosecution and punishment to the persons who organized, made or ordered to make the act qualified as war crime or crime against humanity on international law and/or the national legal system.

Article 7.

The parties will give each other necessary assistance concerning protection of personal and property rights of the victims of armed conflicts.

Article 8.

Disputes on interpretation or application of this agreement are solved by negotiations of concerned parties and other commonly accepted means of peaceful resolution of disputes, including the conciliation commissions created at the request of one of the Parties.

Article 9.

This agreement is open for accession of other states sharing its purposes and the principles.

Article 10.

This agreement is subject to ratification or approval according to internal procedures of the Parties.

Article 11.

This agreement becomes effective after 10 days from the date of delivery on storage to Depositary of three instruments of ratification or notifications on its approval.

It is made in the city of Moscow on September 24, 1993 in one authentic copy in Russian. The authentic copy is stored in Archive of the Government of the Republic of Belarus which will send to the states which signed this agreement, its verified copy.

 

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