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Agreement on first-priority measures for protection of victims of armed conflicts

from September 24, 1993

The states - participants of this agreement, further - the Parties,

being deeply concerned the disturbing situation which has developed on the considerable part of the territory of the former USSR in connection with armed conflicts for national, religious and political reasons,

emphasizing need of protection of victims of armed conflicts and the persons who are not participating in armed conflicts, first of all, of civilians and the military personnel, conflicting parties not belonging to fighting forming,

in view of that the Parties confirmed the obligations following from the international human rights documents,

being based on humane principles and regulations of the Geneva conventions on protection of victims of war against August 12, 1949 and Additional protocols to them from June 8, 1977, and also on other obligations following from provisions and principles of the international humanitarian law,

resolutely condemning gross violations of the international humanitarian law: application of the forbidden means and methods of maintaining hostilities, attack on the civilian population and civil objects, the capture of hostages, tortures and other types of infringement of human dignity and so forth,

confirming determination to put an end to armed conflicts,

agreed as follows:

Article 1.

The parties will cooperate on the bilateral and multilateral basis in acceptance of the necessary measures directed on prevention of human rights violations and regulations of the humanitarian law in regions of armed conflicts.

Article 2.

The parties if they do not participate yet in the corresponding international treaties, will undertake efforts for the fastest registration of legal succession concerning international treaties of the former USSR in the field of the international humanitarian law imposing obligations on the states and all participants of armed conflicts, and will bring the national legal system into accord with regulations and principles of the international humanitarian law.

Article 3.

The parties if it is not made yet, in probably shorter terms will accept the national legal acts guaranteeing social protection and compensation of material damage to persons, injured with armed conflicts.

Article 4.

The parties will undertake immediate agreed measures for protection of the persons illegally deprived of freedom for the reasons, connected with armed conflict irrespective of, they are interned or are detained, and also for return of prisoners of war and unconditional release of hostages.

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