of June 3, 1983 No. 2718-X
As a result of victory of Great October socialist revolution in our country necessary prerequisites for the solution of one of the major social problems - satisfactions of need of workers for housing were created.
Realizing the Lenin ideas of creation of communistic society and performing rate on increase in material and cultural level of living of the people, the Soviet state consistently realizes the housing development programme developed by the Communist Party.
High rates of development of the state and public housing stock on the basis of the state plans, the measures taken by the state on assistance cooperative and to individual housing construction, create necessary conditions for providing the USSR guaranteed by the Constitution and Constitution of the Moldavian SSR of the right of citizens to the dwelling.
Important national objective is ensuring safety of housing stock, increase in its service life, increase in level of improvement of apartment houses. In the solution of this task active part is taken by public organizations and citizens.
The constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the Moldavian SSR obliges citizens to make thrifty use of the dwelling provided to them.
The Soviet housing legislation is designed to promote the right of citizens to the dwelling, to effective use and protection of housing stock.
According to the Constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the Moldavian SSR citizens of the Moldavian SSR have the right to housing. This right is provided with development and protection of the state and public housing stock, assistance to cooperative and individual construction, equitable distribution under public control of the living space provided in process of implementation of the program of construction of well-planned dwellings and also low rent and utilities.
Tasks of the housing legislation of the Moldavian SSR are regulation of the housing relations for the purpose of providing the USSR guaranteed by the Constitution and Constitution of the Moldavian SSR of the right of citizens to the dwelling, proper use and safety of housing stock, and also strengthening of legality in the field of the housing relations.
The housing relations in the Moldavian SSR are governed by Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics and other acts of the housing legislation of USSR, this Code and other acts of the housing legislation of the Moldavian SSR issued according to them.
The relations connected with construction of apartment houses are regulated by the relevant legislation of USSR and the Moldavian SSR.
The apartment houses which are in the territory of the Moldavian SSR, and also premises in other structures form housing stock.
The housing stock does not include the non-residential premises in apartment houses intended for trade, domestic and other needs of nonindustrial nature.
The housing stock includes:
apartment houses and premises in other structures belonging to the state (the state housing stock);
apartment houses and premises in other structures belonging to kolkhozes and other cooperative organizations, their associations, trade-union and other public organizations (public housing stock);
the apartment houses belonging to housing cooperatives (fund of housing cooperatives);
the apartment houses and apartments which are in personal property of citizens (individual housing stock).
The housing stock joins also apartment houses belonging to state and collective-farm and other state and cooperative associations to the companies and the organizations. According to Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics the rules established for public housing stock are applied to these houses.
The state housing stock is under authority of local councils of People's Deputies (housing stock of local councils) and under the authority of the ministries, the state committees and departments (departmental housing stock).
According to Bases of the housing legislation of USSR and federal republics of the house of departmental housing stock in the cities and settlements of city type are subject to gradual transfer to maintaining local councils of People's Deputies according to the procedure and in the terms determined by Council of Ministers of the USSR and Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR.
Apartment houses and premises intend for permanent residence of citizens, and also for use in accordance with the established procedure as office premises and hostels.
Provision of rooms in apartment houses for needs of industrial nature is forbidden.
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