of November 18, 1991 No. 422-XII
About social security of disabled people in the Republic of Uzbekistan
The purpose of this Law is regulation of the relations in the field of social security of disabled people.
The legislation on social security of disabled people consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.
If the international treaty of the Republic of Uzbekistan establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Uzbekistan about social security of disabled people then are applied rules of the international treaty.
In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:
the disabled person - person who in connection with restriction of activity owing to availability of physical, intellectual, mental or touch (sensual) violations is recognized in the procedure established by the legislation as disabled person also needs the public assistance and protection;
handicapped children - persons aged up to eighteen years which in connection with restriction of activity owing to availability of physical, intellectual, mental or touch (sensual) violations are acknowledged in the procedure established by the legislation as disabled people also need the public assistance and protection;
social protection of disabled people - system of the economic, social and legal measures guaranteed by the state providing to disabled people of condition for overcoming, replacement (compensation) of restrictions of activity and the opportunities of participation in life of society, equal with other citizens, directed to creation to them;
rehabilitation of disabled people - system of the medical, social, psychological, pedagogical, physical, professional, labor measures directed to provision to disabled people of the help in recovery and compensation of the broken or lost functions of organism, elimination of restrictions of their activity;
medico-social examination - determination on the basis of comprehensive examination of all systems of organism of the particular person of extent of loss of health, extent of the restriction of its activity caused by permanent disorder of functions of organism, group of disability, the reason and time of its approach and also preparation of recommendations about possible for person for health reasons types of labor activity and working conditions, the need for foreign leaving, the corresponding types of sanatorium treatment and social protection;
restriction of activity of person - complete or partial loss by person of capability or opportunity to perform self-service, movement, orientation, communication, control of the behavior, and also to be engaged in training and labor activity.
Recognition of person by the disabled person, including children aged from sixteen up to eighteen years, is performed by medical labor commissions of experts, and children aged to sixteen the letvrachebno-advisory commissions.
Creation of medical labor commissions of experts and the medical and advisory commissions, and also issue of the conclusions by them are made according to the procedure, established by the legislation.
The state guarantees ensuring accounting of needs of disabled people for measures of the public assistance and protection on the basis of assessment of restrictions of activity, program implementation of rehabilitation and social protection of disabled people in stipulated by the legislation types, creation of conditions for integration of disabled people into society, acceptance of necessary measures for ensuring protection of disabled people against all forms of discrimination.
The main directions of state policy in the field of social security of disabled people are:
providing rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of disabled people;
non-admission of discrimination of disabled people;
honor and dignity protection of disabled people;
ensuring equal rights and opportunities for disabled people;
ensuring compliance with the legislation on social security of disabled people;
ensuring preschool and out-of-school education of handicapped children, professional training of disabled people, receipts by them of general average, secondary vocational, professional and higher education;
ensuring openness and transparency of activities of state bodies and their officials on protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of disabled people;
development of cooperation between state bodies, self-government institutions of citizens and non-state non-profit organizations in the field of social security of disabled people.
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