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CIVIL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 7, 1998 No. 218-3

(The last edition from 17-07-2018)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on October 28, 1998

Approved by Council of the Republic on November 19, 1998

Section I. General provisions

Subsection 1. Basic provisions

Chapter 1. Civil legislation

Article 1. The relations regulated by the civil legislation

1. The civil legislation determines legal status of participants of civil circulation, the basis of origin and procedure of the property right and other corporeal rights, the rights to results of intellectual activities, governs the relations between persons performing business activity or with their participation, contractual and other commitments, and also other property and related personal non-property relations.

Business activity is the independent activities of legal entities and physical persons performed by them in civil circulation on its own behalf, on the risk and under the property responsibility and directed to systematic profit earning from use of property, the sales of the things made, processed or acquired by specified persons for sale and also from performance of works or rendering services if these works or services intend for realization to other persons and are not used for own consumption.

Craft activity is activities of physical persons for production and sales of goods, performance of works, rendering services using manual work and the tool, including electric, performed independently, without involvement of other physical persons according to employment and (or) civil contracts and directed to satisfaction of household needs of citizens.

 Do not treat business activity:

craft activity;

activities for rendering services in the sphere of agroecotourism;

activities of the citizens of the Republic of Belarus performing maintaining personal subsidiary farms, for production, conversion and realization of the agricultural products made by them;

lawyer activities;

notarial activities of notaries;

activities of arbitration judges;

activities of mediators;

the activities performed within temporary research teams;

activities of physical persons for use of own securities and bank accounts as instrument of payment or for the purpose of preserving money and income acquisition;

the following types of activity performed by physical persons independently without involvement of other physical persons according to employment and (or) civil contracts:

realization by the foreign citizens and stateless persons who are temporarily staying and temporarily living in the Republic of Belarus on trade places in the markets and (or) in other places established by local executive and administrative organs no more than five days in calendar month of works of painting, graphics, sculpture, products of national art crafts, products of crop production and beekeeping (further – one-time realization);

realization by physical persons, except for persons specified in the paragraph the twelfth to this part on trade places in the markets and (or) in other places of the works of painting, graphics, sculpture, objects of products of national art crafts created by these physical persons established by local executive and administrative organs; products of floriculture, ornamental plants, their seeds and seedling, animal; herbs, berries, mushrooms, nuts, other wild-growing products; products specified in paragraph three of part one of Item 1-1 of article 294 of the Tax Code of the Republic of Belarus in the presence of the documents provided by parts two and third Item 1-1 of article 294 of the Tax Code of the Republic of Belarus;

rendering services in cultivation of agricultural products;

rendering services in grain crushing;

cattle pasture;

tutoring (advisory services in separate subjects (objects), subject matters (disciplines), educational areas, subjects, including help in preparation for centralized testing);

cleaning and cleaning of premises;

care of adults and children;

the services which are carried out by house workers: washing and ironing of bed linen and other things, walking of pets and care of them, purchase of products, cooking, washing of ware, introduction of payment from means of the served person for use of premises and housing and communal services;

musical and entertaining servicing of weddings, anniversaries and other festive events;

activities of actors, dancers, musicians, contractors of colloquial genre, speakers individually;

provision of services by the host;

photographing, production of photos;

the activities connected with birthday greetings, New year and other holidays irrespective of the place of their carrying out;

realization of kittens and puppies in case of condition of keeping of pet (cat, dog);

services in content, leaving and training of pets, except farm animals;

activities for copying, preparation of documents and other specialized office activities;

activities for translation and interpretation;

provision of services, rendered by means of automatic machines for measurement of weight, growth;

repair of sewing, knitted products and headdresses, except repair of carpets and carpet products;

letting (sublease) of premises, except provision of places for short-term accommodation.

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