of December 30, 2001 No. 197-FZ
Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on December 21, 2001
Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on December 26, 2001
The purposes of the labor law are establishment of the state guarantees of labor rights and freedoms of citizens, work creating favorable conditions, protection of the rights and interests of workers and employers.
The main objectives of the labor law are creation of necessary legal conditions for achievement of optimum coordination of interests of the parties of employment relationships, interests of the state, and also legal regulation of employment relationships and other directly related relations on:
to labor organization and management of work;
to employment at this employer;
to preparation and additional professional education of workers directly at this employer;
to social partnership, conducting collective bargainings, conclusion of collective agreements and agreements;
to participation of workers and labor unions in establishment of working conditions and application of the labor law in the cases provided by the law;
financial responsibility of employers and workers in the sphere of work;
to the state control (supervision), trade-union control of observance of the labor law (including the legislation on labor protection) and other regulatory legal acts containing regulations of labor right;
to permission of employment disputes;
to compulsory social insurance in the cases provided by the Federal Laws.
Proceeding from the conventional principles and rules of international law and according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation the basic principles of legal regulation of employment relationships and other directly related relations are recognized:
freedom of work, including right to work which everyone freely chooses or to which freely agrees, the right to dispose of the capabilities to work, to choose profession and kind of activity;
prohibition of forced labor and employment discrimination;
protection against unemployment and assistance in employment;
providing the right of each worker to fair working conditions, including on the working conditions meeting safety requirements and hygiene, right to rest including restriction of working hours, provision of daily rest, output and non-working holidays, paid annual leave;
equal rights and opportunities of workers;
providing the right of each worker on timely and in complete size payment of the fair wage providing worthy existence of the person for him and his families, and not below the minimum wage established by the Federal Law;
ensuring equal opportunities of workers without any discrimination on promotion on work taking into account labor productivity, qualification and length of service in the specialty, and also on preparation and additional professional education;
providing the right of workers and employers to consolidation for protection of the rights and interests, including the right of workers to create labor unions and to enter them, the right of employers to create merging of employers and to enter them;
providing the right of workers to participation in management of the organization in the forms provided by the law;
combination of the state and contractual regulation of employment relationships and other directly related relations;
the social partnership including the participation right of workers, employers, their associations in contractual regulation of employment relationships and other directly related relations;
obligation of the indemnification caused to the worker in connection with execution of labor obligations by it;
establishment of the state guarantees on providing the rights of workers and employers, implementation of the state control (supervision) of their observance;
providing the right of everyone to protection by the state of its labor rights and freedoms, including judicial protection;
providing the right to permission of individual and collective employment disputes, and also the rights to strike according to the procedure, established by this Code and other Federal Laws;
obligation of the Parties of the employment contract to comply with conditions of the signed agreement, including the right of the employer to demand from workers of execution by them of labor obligations and careful attitude to property of the employer and the right of workers to demand from the employer of observance of its obligations in relation to workers, the labor law and other acts containing regulations of labor right;
providing the right of trade union representatives to exercise trade-union control of observance of the labor law and other acts containing regulations of labor right;
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