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FEDERAL CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

of July 21, 1994 No. 1-FKZ

About the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

(The last edition from 29-07-2018)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on June 24, 1994

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on July 12, 1994

Section first. Organization of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and status of judges

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Constitutional court of the Russian Federation - judicial authority of the constitutional control

Constitutional court of the Russian Federation - judicial authority of the constitutional control, independently and independently performing judicial authority by means of the constitutional legal proceedings.

Article 2. Legislation on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

Powers, procedure for education and activities of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are determined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and present Federal constitutional the law.

Article 3. Powers of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

For the purpose of protection of bases of the constitutional system, basic rights and freedoms of man and citizen, ensuring supremacy and direct operation of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in all territory of the Russian Federation the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation:

1) resolves cases on compliance of the Constitution of the Russian Federation:

a) Federal Laws, regulations of the President of the Russian Federation, Federation Council, State Duma, Government of the Russian Federation;

b) constitutions of the republics, charters, and also the laws and other regulations of the subjects of the Russian Federation published on the questions relating to maintaining public authorities of the Russian Federation and joint maintaining public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;

c) contracts between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, contracts between public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;

d) not become effective international treaties of the Russian Federation;

2) resolves disputes on competence:

a) between federal bodies of the government;

b) between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;

c) between the highest state authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;

3) according to claims to violation of constitutional rights and freedoms  of citizens is checked by constitutionality of the law applied in specific case;

3. 1) on requests of courts is checked by constitutionality of the law which is subject to application by the relevant court in specific case;

3. 2) on requests of the federal executive body allocated with competence of the sphere of ensuring activities for protection of interests of the Russian Federation by consideration in interstate body for protection of human rights and freedoms of the complaints made against the Russian Federation based on the international treaty of the Russian Federation resolves question of possibility of execution of the decision of interstate body for protection of human rights and freedoms;

Interpretation of the Constitution of the Russian Federation gives 4);

5) draws the conclusion about observance of established procedure of promotion of accusation of the President of the Russian Federation in high treason or making of other serious crime;

5. 1) is checked for compliance of the Constitution of the Russian Federation by the question submitted for referendum of the Russian Federation according to the Federal constitutional Law regulating holding referendum of the Russian Federation;

6) takes the legislative initiative concerning the maintaining;

7) performs other powers conferred to it by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal agreement and the Federal constitutional Laws; can also have the rights granted to it by the contracts on differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation signed according to article 11 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation if these rights do not contradict its legal nature and purpose as judicial authority of the constitutional control.

The competence of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation established by this Article can be changed precisely by introduction of amendments to this Federal constitutional Law.

The constitutional court of the Russian Federation resolves only points of law.

The constitutional court of the Russian Federation when implementing the constitutional legal proceedings abstains from establishment and research of the actual circumstances in all cases when it enters competence of other courts or other bodies.

Concerning the internal activities the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation accepts Regulations of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. Structure, procedure for education and term of office of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

The constitutional court of the Russian Federation consists of nineteen judges appointed to position by the Federation Council on representation of the President of the Russian Federation.

The constitutional court of the Russian Federation is competent to perform the activities in the presence of two thirds of total number of judges.

Powers of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are not limited to certain term.

Article 5. Basic principles of activities of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

The basic principles of activities of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are independence, collective nature, publicity, competitiveness and equality of participants.

Article 6. Obligation of solutions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

Solutions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation are obligatory in all territory of the Russian Federation for all representative, executive and judicial authorities of the government, local government bodies, the companies, organizations, the organizations, officials, citizens and their associations.

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