of December 8, 1995 No. 193-FZ
About agricultural cooperation
Accepted by the State Duma on November 15, 1995
Approved by the Federation Council on November 28, 1995
This Federal Law determines legal and economic basis of creation and activities of the agricultural cooperatives and their unions constituting system of agricultural cooperation of the Russian Federation.
This Federal Law guarantees to citizens (physical persons) and legal entities the right to creation and the state support of agricultural cooperatives and their unions (associations).
The relations connected with creation and activities of agricultural cooperatives and their unions (associations) are regulated by this Federal Law, the Civil code of the Russian Federation, the land legislation of the Russian Federation, other Federal Laws, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.
In this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:
agricultural cooperation - system of agricultural production and agricultural consumer cooperatives and their unions;
agricultural cooperative - the organization created by agricultural producers and (or) the citizens conducting personal subsidiary farms on the basis of voluntary membership for the joint productive or other economic activity based on combining of their property shares for the purpose of satisfaction of material and other needs of members of cooperative. The agricultural cooperative (further also - cooperative) can be framed in the form of agricultural production cooperative (further also - production cooperative) or agricultural consumer cooperative (further also - consumer cooperative);
the member of cooperative - the physical person or the physical person or legal entity which is taking part in economic activity of consumer cooperative which are meeting requirements of this Federal Law and the charter of cooperative taking personal labor part in activities of production cooperative brought share in the size and procedure established by the charter of cooperative accepted in cooperative with voting power and bearing subsidiary responsibility according to obligations of cooperative;
the associated member of cooperative - the physical person or legal entity which brought share on which it receives dividends bearing risk of the losses connected with activities of cooperative within the cost of the share and the having right to vote in cooperative taking into account the restrictions established by this Federal Law and the charter of cooperative;
subsidiary responsibility of members of cooperative - responsibility of members of cooperative, additional to responsibility of cooperative for its obligations and arising in case of impossibility of cooperative at the scheduled time to meet requirements of creditors imposed to it. The sizes and conditions of subsidiary responsibility of members of cooperative are determined by this Federal Law and the charter of cooperative;
agricultural producer - the physical person or legal entity performing production of agricultural products which constitute in value term more than 50 percent of total amount of the made products, including fishing artel (kolkhoz), production of agricultural products, including fish products, and catch of water biological resources in which is made in value term by more than 70 percent of total amount of the made products;
the worker - person who is not member of cooperative and is attracted according to the employment contract (contract) for work on certain specialty, qualification or position;
share of the member of cooperative - property fee of the member of cooperative or the associated member of cooperative in share fund of cooperative the money, the parcels of land, land and property shares or other property or property rights having money value. The share of the member of cooperative can be obligatory and additional;
obligatory share - the share of the member of cooperative brought without fail and granting voting power and the participation right in activities of cooperative on use of its services and privileges provided by the charter of cooperative and for receipt of the relying cooperative payments;
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