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LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of October 25, 1991 No. 1807-1

About languages of the people of the Russian Federation

(The last edition from 12-03-2014)

Prolog

Languages of the people of the Russian Federation - national property of the Russian state.

Languages of the people of the Russian Federation are under protection of the state.

The state in all territory of the Russian Federation promotes development of national languages, bilingualism and multilingualism.

This Law is directed to creation of conditions for preserving and equal and original development of languages of the people of the Russian Federation and designed to become basis for forming of system of legal regulation of activities of legal entities and physical persons, development of regulatory legal acts for the purpose of realization of provisions of this Law.

In the Russian Federation promotion of hostility and neglect to any language, creation to the established principles of national policy of the obstacles, restrictions and privileges contradicting constitutionally in use of languages, other violations of the law of the Russian Federation about languages of the people of the Russian Federation are inadmissible.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Legislation of the Russian Federation on languages of the people of the Russian Federation

1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on languages of the people of the Russian Federation is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the conventional principles and rules of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation and consists of this Law, the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

2. This Law covers the spheres of language communication which are subject to legal regulation and does not establish legal regulations of use of languages of the people of the Russian Federation in interpersonal unofficial relations, and also in activities of public and religious associations and the organizations.

Article 2. State guarantees of equality of languages of the people of the Russian Federation

1. Equality of languages of the people of the Russian Federation set of the rights of the people and persons on preserving and all-round development of the native language, liberty of choice and uses of language of communication.

2. The Russian Federation guarantees to all its people irrespective of their number the equal rights to preserving and all-round development of the native language, liberty of choice and uses of language of communication.

3. The Russian Federation guarantees everyone the right to use the native language, the free choice of language of communication, education, training and creativity irrespective of its origin, social and property status, racial and national identity, floor, education, the relation to religion and the places of residence.

4. Equality of languages of the people of the Russian Federation is protected by the law. Nobody has the right to set restrictions or privileges when using this or that language, except as specified, stipulated by the legislation the Russian Federation. The regulations established by this Law extend to citizens of the Russian Federation, and also to the foreign citizens and persons without citizenship who are in the territory of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. Legal status of languages

1. State language of the Russian Federation in all its territory is Russian.

2. The republics have the right to establish the state languages according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

3. Subjects of the Russian Federation according to this Law have the right to adopt the laws and other regulatory legal acts on protection of the rights of citizens at free choice of language of communication, education, training and creativity.

4. In the area of the compact accommodation of the population which does not have the national-state and national and territorial educations or living beyond their limits along with Russian and state languages of the republics, in official spheres of communication language of the population of this area can be used. The procedure for use of languages in such areas is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation.

5. The state recognizes the equal rights of all languages of the people of the Russian Federation to their preserving and development. All languages of the people of the Russian Federation enjoy support of the state.

6. In the Russian Federation alphabets of state language of the Russian Federation and state languages of the republics are under construction on graphical basis of Cyrillics. Other graphical bases of alphabets of state language of the Russian Federation and state languages of the republics can be established by the Federal Laws.

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