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LAW OF UKRAINE

of February 24, 1994 No. 4004-XII

About ensuring sanitary and epidemic wellbeing of the population

(The last edition from 06-09-2018)

This Law governs the public relations which arise in the sphere of ensuring sanitary and epidemic wellbeing, determines the appropriate rights and obligations of state bodies, companies, organizations, organizations and citizens, establishes procedure for the organization of the public sanitary and epidemiologic service and implementation of the state sanitary and epidemiological surveillance in Ukraine.

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Determination of the main terms and concepts

In this Law terms and concepts are used in the following value:

sanitary and epidemic wellbeing of the population is the state of health of the population and living environment of the person in case of which indicators of incidence are at the developed level for this territory, conditions of accommodation are favorable for the population, and parameters of factors of living environment are in the limits determined by sanitary standards;

living environment of the person (further - living environment) - set of the objects, phenomena and factors of the environment (natural and artificially created) which are directly surrounding the person and determining conditions of its accommodation, food, work, rest, training, education, etc.;

living environment factors - any biological (virus, prionny, bacterial, parasitic, genetically modified organisms, biotechnology products, etc.), chemical (organic and inorganic, natural and synthetic), physical (noise, vibration, ultrasound, infrasound, thermal, ionizing, not ionizing and other types of radiation), social (food, water supply, conditions of life, work, rest, training, education, etc.) and other factors which influence or can influence health of the person or health of future generations;

harmful effects on health of the person - the impact of factors of living environment creating health hazard, lives or working ability of the person or health of future generations;

safe conditions for the person - living environment condition in case of which there is no danger of harmful effects of its factors per capita;

favorable conditions for activity of the person - living environment condition in case of which there are no harmful effects of its factors on health of the person and are available opportunities for providing normal and recoveries of the broken functions of organism;

sanitary and epidemic situation - condition of living environment and the state of health of the population caused by it in certain territory in specifically certain time;

the sanitary and epidemiologic standard rate (the hygienic standard rate, epidemiological indicator, the anti-epidemic standard rate) the admissible maximum or minimum quantitative and (or) high-quality measure value established by researches, characterizing living environment factor by medical criteria (parameters) of its safety for health of the person and health of future generations, and also the state of health of the population by criteria of incidence, extendability of diseases, physical development, immunity, etc.;

the state sanitary standards and rules, sanitary and epidemiologic and sanitary and anti-epidemic rules and regulations, sanitary and epidemiologic rules and regulations, anti-epidemic rules and regulations, hygienic and anti-epidemic rules and regulations, the state sanitary and epidemiologic standard rates, sanitary regulations (further - sanitary standards) - regulatory legal acts of the central executive body, obligatory for accomplishment, providing forming of state policy in health sector, the establishing medical safety requirements concerning living environment and its separate factors which non-compliance creates health hazard and human lives and future generations, and also threat of origin and spread of infectious diseases and mass noninfectious diseases (poisonings) among the population;

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