Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2019 SojuzPravoInform LLC


of May 24, 1990 No. 202-XII

About language

Language is one of the determining factors of national identity of the people. to the integral signs of the nation. Turkmen yazykyazyk the primordial population and the vast majority of citizens of the Turkmen SSR, one of the classic Turkic languages in which outstanding cultural values, written monuments are created.

All questions connected with ensuring development, use and protection of Turkmen enter competence of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. For the purpose of assistance to all-round development of spiritual creativity of the Turkmen people, guaranteeing its sovereign and state future this Law assigns to Turkmen the status of state language in all territory of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic. Giving to Turkmen of the status state creates basis for protection and all-round development of Turkmen and literature.

The law of the Turkmen SSR on language corresponds to Law USSR provisions "About languages of the people of the USSR".

Russian is recognized official language of the USSR and is used as means of international communication.

This law provides legal guarantees of free development and use Turkmen as state language of the Turkmen SSR, Russian as means of international communication, and also languages of other people living in the territory of the republic.

The law on languages does not regulate application of languages in life, about interpersonal communication, in the organizations and the organizations Armed Hoarsed, and also during the implementing of religious activities and departure of religious practices.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. State language of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic is Turkmen.

The Turkmen SSR performs the state protection of Turkmen and shows care of its every possible development and active application in state bodies and public organizations, in economy, national education, culture, the equipment, about services industries, mass information and other spheres of public life.

Fixing to Turkmen of the status of state language does not violate constitutional rights of citizens of other nationalities Living in the Turkmen SSR to use language of the nationality.

Article 2. Languages international communication in the Turkmen SSR are the state and Russian languages.

Article 3. The Turkmen SSR creates conditions for free use and development of languages of the people living in the territory of the republic. The Turkmen SSR provides to the citizens studying of state language, shows care of development of the national-Russian and Russian-national bilingualism and multilingualism.

The Turkmen SSR renders assistance in satisfaction of the spiritual, cultural and language needs the Turkmen living outside the republic.

Chapter II. The rights and guarantees of citizens in the choice of language

Article 4. In Turkmen SSR each citizen has the right to file on all questions petitions and claims in state governing bodies, the public and public institutions and the organizations, courts, prosecutor's office and to receive on them the answer in other language, state or acceptable for both parties.

Article 5. Employees of state governing bodies, public organizations, and also Law enforcement agencies, healthcare institutions and national education, culture, trade and service industry, transport, social security, housing and communal services which as obliges should communicate with citizens of various nationalities systematically. shall know state and Russian languages in the amount necessary for accomplishment of the professional obligations.

In areas of compact accommodation of national groups these workers shall own in the same amount and the native language of local population.

Article becomes effective till January 1, 1996.

The list of such professions, as well as amount of knowledge of language for each employee group is determined according to the procedure, approved by Council of Ministers of the Turkmen SSR.

The Council of Ministers of TSSR represents offers till January 1, 1991.

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