of June 25, 1991 No. 1264-XII
About protection of the surrounding environment
Protection of the surrounding environment, national use of natural resources, providing ecological safety of life activity of the person - the integral condition of sustainable economic and social development of Ukraine.
For this purpose Ukraine performs in the territory the environmental policy directed to preserving live and inanimate nature of the environment, safe for existence, protection of life and health of the population from the negative impact caused pollution of the surrounding environment, achievement of harmonious interaction of society and the nature, protection, rational use and reproduction of natural resources.
This Law determines legal, economic and social basis of the organization of protection of the surrounding environment for the benefit of present and future generations.
Task of the legislation on protection of the surrounding environment is regulation of the relations in the field of protection, use and reproduction of natural resources, providing ecological safety, the prevention and liquidation of negative impact of economic and other activity on the surrounding environment, preserving the natural resources, genetic fund of wildlife, landscapes and other natural complexes, the unique territories and natural objects connected with historical and cultural heritage.
The relations in the field of protection of the surrounding environment in Ukraine are governed by this Law, and also the land, water, forest legislation, the legislation on subsoil, on protection of atmospheric air, on protection and use of plant and animal life and other special legislation.
The basic principles, protection of the surrounding environment are:
a) priority of requirements of ecological safety, obligation of respect for environmental standards, standard rates and limits of use of natural resources when implementing economic, management and other activities;
b) guaranteeing ecologically safe circle for life and human health;
c) anticipatory nature of actions for protection of the surrounding environment;
d) ecologization of production of goods on the basis of complexity of decisions in questions of protection of the surrounding environment, use and reproduction of the recovered natural resources, widespread introduction of the latest technologies;
e) preserving space and specific variety and integrity of natural objects and complexes;
e) evidence-based approval of ecological, economic and social interests of society on the basis of combination of cross-disciplinary knowledge of ecological, social, natural and technical science and forecasting of condition of the surrounding environment;
є) obligation of environmental impact assessment;
g) publicity and democratism in case of decision making which realization influences condition of the surrounding environment, forming at the population of ecological outlook;
h) evidence-based regulation of impact of economic and other activity on the surrounding environment;
i) free of charge general and the paid nature of special use of natural resources for economic activity;
i) compensation of the damage caused by violation of the law about protection of the surrounding environment;
ї) the solution of questions of protection of the surrounding environment and use of natural resources taking into account degree of anthropogenous izmenennost of the territories, cumulative action of the factors which are negatively influencing ecological situation;
й) combination of measures of stimulation and responsibility in protection of the surrounding environment;
j) the problem resolution of protection of the surrounding environment on the basis of broad interstate cooperation;
k) establishment of ecological tax, rent payment for special use of water, collection for special use of forest resources, rent payment for use of natural resources according to the Tax code of Ukraine;
l) accounting of results of strategic ecological assessment.
Natural resources of Ukraine are property of the Ukrainian people.
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