of April 23, 1991 No. 987-XII
About liberty of conscience and the religious organizations
Tasks of this Law are:
guaranteeing right to liberty of conscience to citizens of Ukraine and implementation of this right;
providing according to the Constitution of Ukraine, the Declaration on the state sovereignty of Ukraine and the rules of international law recognized Ukraine, social justice, equality, protection of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens irrespective of the relation to religion;
determination of obligations of the state in relation to the religious organizations;
determination of obligations of the religious organizations before the state and society;
overcoming negative consequences of state policy in relation to religion and church;
guaranteeing favorable conditions for development of public morals and humanity, civil consent and cooperation of people irrespective of their outlook or religion.
In Ukraine all legal relationship connected with liberty of conscience and activities of the religious organizations are regulated by the legislation of Ukraine.
The legislation of Ukraine on liberty of conscience and the religious organizations consists of this Law and other legal acts of Ukraine published according to it.
The conscience right to liberty is guaranteed to each citizen in Ukraine. This right includes freedom to have, accept and change religion or beliefs at the choice and freedom solely or together with others to practise any religion or not to profess any, to send religious cults, to express openly and to freely extend the religious or atheistic beliefs.
Nobody can establish obligatory beliefs and outlook. Any coercion in case of determination by the citizen of the relation to religion, is not allowed to confession or refusal of confession of religion, to participation or nonparticipation in church services, religious practices and ceremonies, training of religion.
The parents or persons replacing them by mutual consent have the right to raise the children according to own beliefs and the relation to religion.
Implementation of freedom to practise religion or beliefs is subject only to those restrictions which are necessary for protection of public safety and procedure, life, health and morals, and also the rights and freedoms of other citizens, are established by the law and correspond to the international obligations of Ukraine.
Nobody has the right to demand from priests of data of the believers received by them in case of confession.
Citizens of Ukraine are equal before the law and have the equal rights in all areas of economic, political, social and cultural life irrespective of their relation to religion. In official documents the citizen's relation to religion is not specified.
Any direct or indirect restriction of the rights, establishment of immediate or indirect advantages of citizens depending on their relation to religion, as well as excitement of the hostility and hatred connected with it or insult of feelings of citizens, attract the responsibility established by the law.
Nobody can evade based on the religious beliefs from execution of the constitutional obligations. Replacement of execution of one obligation another based on beliefs is allowed only in cases, stipulated by the legislation Ukraine.
In Ukraine implementation of state policy in relation to religion and church belongs only to maintaining Ukraine.
The church (the religious organizations) in Ukraine is separated the state.
The state protects the rights and legitimate interests of the religious organizations; promotes establishment of the relations of mutual religious and world outlook tolerance and respect between the citizens who are practising religion or not professing it between believers of different religions and their religious organizations; takes into consideration and respects traditions and internal installations of the religious organizations if they do not contradict the current legislation.
The state does not interfere with the activities of the religious organizations performed within the law, does not finance activities of any organizations created on the basis of the relation to religion.
All religions, religions and the religious organizations are equal before the law. Establishment of any benefits or restrictions of one religion, religion or the religious organization in relation to others is not allowed.
The religious organizations do not perform the state functions.
The religious organizations have the right to participate in public life, and also to use on an equal basis with public associations of mass media.
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